Recently, we discussed the official report of the Oregon Secretary of State’s audit (the “Report“) of the Oregon Liquor Control Commission’s (“OLCC”) information technology systems, related to Oregon’s recreational cannabis industry. In our previous post on the topic, we discussed findings and recommendations relating specifically to the OLCC’s Marijuana Licensing System (MLS) and the separate Cannabis Tracking System (CTS), and whether the OLCC has sufficient technical controls in place to ensure that the MLS and CTS are supporting effective regulation of the recreational cannabis industry. Today we are going to look at the OLCC’s general information technology (IT) security concerns and disaster recovery procedures, and whether the OLCC has implemented sufficient security procedures to protect against known technical and physical threats.
The Report first lays out two “key findings” in this area:
The “OLCC has not implemented an effective IT security management program for the agency as a whole.”
The “OLCC has not formally developed a disaster recovery plan and has not tested backup files to ensure they can be used to restore mission-critical applications and data.”
Digging deeper, the Report paints a bit of a grim picture of the OLCC’s IT capabilities:
[W]e found that OLCC management has not implemented an appropriate security management program for all agency IT systems.
Today, the California Department of Public Health (CDPH) released its proposed emergency regulations governing cannabis manufacturing in shared-use facilities. We’ve written previously about CDPH’s statement that it was developing an additional license type, Type S, which would allow businesses to share facility space, and we’re pleased to see such quick progress in rules development. We see this license type as benefiting small business owners who may not otherwise be able to afford buildout of their own manufacturing facility.
According to the CDPH, the proposed emergency regulations will be filed with the Office of Administrative Law (OAL) on April 3, 2018, and will then undergo a five-day public comment period until April 8th. The stated goal of these new regulations is to “provide opportunities for small manufacturing businesses,” and is “in response to demand from cities and counties wishing to implement equity programs.” The regulations should be important to an often neglected segment of industry players.
Under the current rules, each manufacturing licensee must occupy its own separate and distinct premises, with the exception being that a licensee may hold both an M- and an A- license of the same type on one premises. But under the proposed rules, Type 6, 7 or N licensees would be able to register their location as a shared-use facility. After approval …
To say that sales of cannabidiol (CBD) have skyrocketed would be a serious understatement. In 2015, the hemp, or non-psychoactive CBD market was around $90 million. The Hemp Business Journal estimates that by 2020, hemp-derived CBD sales will explode to $450 million. With the addition of marijuana-derived CBD, they estimate that by 2020, the total CBD market will reach $2.1 billion.
Hemp-derived CBD really landed on the mainstream radar after CNN Chief Medical Correspondent Dr. Sanjay Gupta introduced Charlotte Figi to the world in the documentary Weed in 2013.
The Colorado girl, who suffered around 300 seizures a week because of an intractable epilepsy known as Dravet’s Syndrome, greatly reduced her seizures by taking a high-CBD, low-THC hemp oil known as Charlotte’s Web.
Since then, many states wary about medical marijuana like Utah, Iowa, and the Carolinas, have passed hemp-derived CBD-only laws. And as recognition of CBD’s healing benefits continue to grow, more people are finding ways to include CBD in a healthy lifestyle. Some of the reported benefits of CBD are reduced anxiety, relief from nausea, antispasmodic, anti-psychotic and relief from pain and inflammation.
Types of CBD Products Available
As the demand for CBD grows, more and more products are being released to allow consumers to choose their desired administration methods. Check out some of the variety in …
This week Dave Schmader, Leafly’s Senior Editor for Canada, joins Will to share an update on Canadian cannabis legalization. They discuss some of the different ways the Provinces and Territories are preparing for adult-use legalization.
More and more states are recognizing there is a pay gap between the genders. Washington is the latest state to address the gap through legislation. The near-final law, HB 1506, is commonly referred to as the Equal Pay Act. It is currently awaiting the Governor’s signature, which we can expect any day now.
Equal pay laws are complicated and understanding your obligation as an employer is critical to avoiding hefty civil penalties and liability. Washington’s Equal Pay Act specifically notes the difficulties women can face in obtaining equal pay and moving up in companies. The Washington law attempts to address these issues by prohibiting employers from discriminating against similarly situated employees based on gender.
So what constitutes discrimination in this context? Discrimination occurs when an employer pays similarly situated employees different wages because of the employee’s gender, or when the employer fails to promote or advance an employee because of their gender. Employees are “similarly employed” if the performance of their job requires similar skills, efforts, responsibility, and if the jobs are performed under similar working conditions. Job title alone is not determinative.
Employers can pay similarly situated employees different if: 1) the difference is based on a bona-fide job factor that is consistent with business necessity; 2) is …
Your medical marijuana clinic should be the place you can go to for all of your questions and needs regarding your health and medical cannabis. Medical marijuana clinics are not created equal, however, so it’s important to do your research. Your medical cannabis clinic should offer the services described below.
Last week I spoke on a panel about compliance at the Cannabis Cultivation Conference hosted by the Cannabis Business Times. If you’ve been following the latest developments in California you’d know that compliance with the myriad of regulations is the biggest obstacle for businesses looking to join the state legal cannabis market. We recently covered the current landscape facing cultivators here.
For commercial cannabis purposes California is a dual licensing state (although some would call it a “duel”licensing state, as it can be quite a battle to obtain a cannabis business license). Dual licensing means that in order to operate a commercial cannabis business you have to obtain a cannabis permit from your local jurisdiction before you can receive your license from the state. That means you’ve got to comply with two sets of regulations and in some occasions, many more.
For those that have been operating as collectives, cooperatives, or non-profits under the Compassionate Use Act (1996), Senate Bill 420 (2003) and the California Attorney General Guidelines (2008), compliance requirements were practically non-existent. That all changed when the state passed the Medical Cannabis Regulation and Safety Act in 2015 and California voters approved the Adult Use of Marijuana Act in 2016: Both the MCRSA and the AUMA were merged under the Medical …
California has always been a frontrunner in cannabis culture, stemming from their efforts to decriminalize and legalize medical marijuana over 20 years ago. This culture has grown over time, culminating in one of the most robust and dynamic places to experience cannabis on the planet – specifically in the form of cannabis events.
Cannabis events in California have become somewhat of a cultural tradition and help the state’s immense population of marijuana consumers get together and celebrate everything the plant has to offer. Historically, these events have been a safe haven for people looking to network with likeminded individuals and consume cannabis in peace.
Unfortunately, the laws set forth by California’s Adult-Use Marijuana Act (AUMA) are placing heavy restrictions on cannabis consumption events, leaving their future status in limbo.
But will the recent legalization of adult-use cannabis and the regulations that come with it hold back California’s relationship with cannabis? There are many groups fighting to make sure that does not happen.
Cannabis Legalization and Marijuana Events
Under AUMA and the new recreational marijuana laws, cannabis events allowing consumption are only permitted to occur in two places: county fairgrounds and district agricultural events. Considering the fact that medical cannabis events have been able to select their own venues in the past (with proper licensing and permits, of course), this …
An appeals court in Washington ruled last week that Clark County has the authority to ban the retail sale of recreational marijuana, settling any remaining dispute as to whether local governments in Washington can ban marijuana activities. The ruling was a long time coming, and not unexpected.
Washington law and rules promulgated by the Liquor and Cannabis Board (LCB or the Board) give local authorities the option to object to whether the LCB will grant a license. However, the LCB gets to make the final decision. In 2014, Attorney General Bob Ferguson issued a General Opinion that opined that state law had not preempted local jurisdictions from banning marijuana. Shortly after the Attorney General’s opinion, Clark County passed its prohibition ordinance.
The dispute in Emerald Enterprises LLC v. Clark County stems from Clark County’s ordinance prohibiting the retail sale of recreational marijuana in unincorporated Clark County. In spite of the ordinance, Emerald Enterprises applied for a retail marijuana license at a location in Clark County. The Board granted the license but Clark County revoked Emerald’s business permit for violating the ordinance by selling recreational cannabis.
Emerald challenged the ordinance in court, claiming that state law preempted Clark County’s ordinance and the County could not ban all retail sales. The trial court ruled in favor of the County and Emerald appealed, …
One of the goals of medical marijuana clinics is to educate their patients and the general population on medical marijuana. The majority of people don’t understand the differences between medical marijuana and recreational marijuana. Most people don’t realize there are many different strains of medical marijuana that treat different conditions, illnesses, and ailments.
We here at Honest Marijuana love it when cannabis and creativity join forces. It’s the answer to our every “shipping” dream (cannativity? creatabis?) and has produced some truly unique forms of marijuana, like Thai sticks, moon rock, and purple weed. But nothing even comes close to the joy we feel when we think about CBD patches.
Though the CBD patch and the THC patch have only been around for a few years, transdermal patches have existed for almost 40 years. Way back in 1979 when dinosaurs still roamed the earth and kids had to walk to school uphill both ways, the FDA approved the first transdermal patch (scopolamine for motion sickness).
Other patches followed, but the most famous transdermal patch is the nicotine patch, which was introduced in 1991 to help tobacco users kick the smoking habit.
With the legalization of medical and recreational cannabis in the early part of the 21st century, the next logical step was the CBD patch. Now that it has finally arrived, we’re sure it’ll take the crown as the most famous transdermal patch of them all.
But what exactly are CBD patches, and how do they work? The experts at Honest Marijuana will answer that question and reveal everything you need to know about the newest and coolest way to get …
As you may know, Nevada legalized cannabis in 2016 and adult-use sales officially kicked off in 2017. At the start of recreational sales up until now, Nevada has been experiencing a rapidly growing cannabis industry full of ups and downs. From supply shortages and high prices to issues like tourists having no place to consume their cannabis legally, Nevada has certainly felt firsthand what it’s like to roll with the punches and headaches that accompany a brand new industry.
While there have been some trials and tribulations, Nevada’s cannabis industry continues to grow and cement itself as a legitimate source of commerce for the state. As more time goes by and the industry continues to progress, it’s not uncanny to believe that Nevada may become a future powerhouse and destination for cannabis tourism and events.
Nevada Adult-Use Cannabis Overview
Nevada’s recreational cannabis market got the jump on its neighbor California last July, when the state rushed through a provisional law that opened up sales in 2017. While California was waiting to open their dispensaries, Nevada’s recreational cannabis sales hit a record $37.9 million for the month of October. Sales then dropped to $33.4 million in November, although this is still $11 million over projected sales for that month. By the end of December, Nevada had collected $19 million in …
Oakland’s City Council recently passed what is, to our knowledge, a first-of-its-kind ordinance intended to protect residential tenants in the city’s “Green Zone” from being evicted by cannabis businesses (as a resident of Oakland’s “Green Zone,” this is an issue of both personal and professional importance to me). The ordinance passed on its first reading last week, and the second reading will happen today.
The issue of cannabis-fueled residential displacement in Oakland seems to have come to everyone’s attention a few months ago, when a Denver-based cannabis company called Green Sage bought The Oakland Cannery, a community of live-work lofts that house more than 30 artists and makers. The tenants learned from representatives of the company that their intention was to convert the building to commercial use space, and to use it as a cannabis cultivation facility. Residents were told they would not be allowed to stay.
While many within the industry are quick to tout the economic benefits brought about by cannabis legalization (which are undeniable), Oakland is one of the first cities to grapple with the potential negative downstream effects on communities that are suddenly flooded with cannabis business dollars. The City recognizes the Bay Area’s affordability crisis in terms of housing, as well as the importance of “affordable housing and space for artistic and …
For a near-incalculable number of people across the United States, cannabis is less an enjoyable recreational product, more an essential lifeline. We’re slowly but surely heading into an era where the incredible medical properties of cannabis cannot be denied or ignored. Opposition remains as nonsensical and misguided as ever, but the overwhelming majority of everyday […]
It’s a good time to revisit the very basics of cannabis company structuring, particularly in light of two new developments in 2018: tax reform and California state-wide legalization. Thus, this three part series “Reviewing Corporate Law Basics” will address:
Part 1: Cannabis Entity Selection: Corporation, LLC or Something Else?
Part 2: Equity Incentives for Your Startup: Restricted Stock, Stock Options, or Something Else?
Part 3: Canna Exits in 2018: Sale, Merger, or Something Else?
Cannabis Entity Selection: Corporation, LLC or Something Else?
Prior to California’s Prop 64 taking effect on January 2018, entity selection for “direct operator” marijuana companies was relatively straightforward. State law required companies to operate on a not-for-profit basis, and non-profit mutual benefit corporations became pervasive, with a smattering of other non-profit entity types. In 2018, these not-for-profit entities are converting en masse to for-profit entities.
Transitioning companies, as well as new operators (both direct operators and ancillary companies), are asking the ever-popular early-stage question: should we be a corporation, an LLC, or an *insert creative choice*? Luckily, for most companies the decision becomes clear based on a few key factors. And for the remaining companies, the founders can make a decision based on their assumptions. Changing corporate forms is an option if necessary.
The tax analysis also should be considered, in conjunction with an expert in …
People who have injured themselves, have an illness, or have a disability use physiotherapy to help facilitate their recovery. Physiotherapy is a necessary component of many patients’ health plans because it enables them to regain the strength they once had.
Given the origin of the holiday, we write to update you on the regulation of cannabis in Ireland. Historically, Ireland has had a conservative cannabis policy due to the nation’s heroin epidemic, among other factors. In 1977, the government enacted the Misuse of Drugs Act (the “Act”) making it unlawful to produce, possess, and supply controlled substances, including cannabis. That remains the law today.
Violations of the Act distinguish between personal use and possession for sale or supply. Possession of cannabis for personal use is punishable by a fine for the first or second conviction, and then punishable by up to one year in prison for the third or subsequent offenses. Penalties for possession to sell or supply controlled substances are imprisonment based on the conviction. There are larger penalties in place for drug trafficking.
Interestingly, the Act grants the Minister for Health the authority to issue licenses to manufacture, distribute, and sell controlled substances. In 2002 and 2003, GW Pharmaceuticals were granted a license to perform medical trials for Sativex, a cannabis extract spray common in European countries. There have been other instances where individuals were granted a license for personal use for medical issues.
We shouldn’t blame any profession for its bad apples, should we? Are all lawyers bad because a few defend mob bosses? If you answered ‘no,’ then we have one more question for you: are all marijuana cultivators destroying the environment? Of course they aren’t!
Although there are several outliers (mainly black market growers), the cannabis industry is working hard to promote sustainable cultivation and manufacturing practices. However, anti-cannabis crusaders want you believe otherwise. Their current narrative: we need to keep prohibition because marijuana grows damage the environment.
These crusaders aren’t completely wrong; marijuana cultivation does have several negative impacts on the environment if not conducted in a sustainable manner. What they fail to mention? Legal cannabis is working towards cleaner practices each and every day and the worst of the cultivators survive on the black market.
And what they don’t want to admit? Ending prohibition would curtail the black market and strongly reduce the need for illegal cannabis grows.
The Environmental Impact of Black Market Cannabis
To give you a better feel for the negative impacts of black market cannabis, we’ve itemized the top four ways that illegal cannabis grows negatively impact the environment and the best idea as to what to do about it.
The Washington Legislature concluded its 2018 Session last week, and joined Oregon and California in “banning the box” when it comes to employment applications. Specifically, Washington’s new law, dubbed the “Fair Chance Act” (the “Act”), prohibits employers from looking into any criminal history of potential employees at the point an applicant first applies for a job. The Act is less stringent than California’s legislation and tends to mirror Oregon’s legislation.
The Act passed through both houses of the Washington legislature on March 3, and Governor Jay Inslee wasted no time signing it into law. At this point, the only thing that would prevent the Act from taking effect is a provision which states that funding must be appropriated “by June 30, 2018, through the omnibus appropriations act.” The likelihood of that not happening is very slim. For this reason, we are advising all of our cannabis businesses clients to treat HB 2198 as the law of the land in Washington, starting now.
It is important to note that the Act does not bar employers from inquiring as to criminal history at all points in the application process. Once an employer has determined the applicant is “otherwise qualified” for the position, the inquiry may begin. “Otherwise qualified” means that the applicant meets the basic criteria for the position …
If you’ve been following the news lately you’ve probably noticed that that the Trump administration, along with the U.S. Department of Justice (DOJ), have not exactly been getting along with the state of California. Just last week the Department of Justice filed a lawsuit against the Golden State, claiming that three of its laws interfere with the federal government’s authority to regulate the country’s immigration system. The California laws in question are Senate Bill 54 (“SB 54), Assembly Bill 450 (“AB 450”), and Assembly Bill 103 (“AB 103”). This is not the proper venue for an in-depth breakdown of every provision in these laws, but a brief description of each will help frame this discussion:
SB 54: Also known as the “California Values Act” was signed by California Governor Jerry Brown on October 05, 2017. SB 54 places limitations on when California law enforcement authorities can cooperate with federal immigration officials.
AB 450: Signed by Gov. Brown on October 05, 2017, AB 450 prohibits employers from cooperating with immigration enforcement officers unless the employer has been served with a subpoena or judicial warrant.
AB 103: Approved by Gov. Brown on June 27, 2017, AB 103 is a public safety omnibus bill (meaning it is a law that covers a number
Deciding that medical marijuana is the course of treatment you’re going to go with is a big decision. It takes a lot of research and discussion with your doctor to ensure it’s the best option for you. And, if your doctor doesn’t know enough about medical marijuana, the discussion could also expand to other doctors who are more knowledgeable about it.
With most of the western portion of the United States having adopted some sort of progressive cannabis reform, it seems like the legalization movement has shifted out east, specifically in New England. Cannabis has long been an influence on New England culture, and states have recently begun taking progressive measures to bring a prosperous marijuana industry to fruition in the east.
As it stands today, every one of the six states in New England has some form of cannabis reform, with three of them, Massachusetts, Vermont and Maine, already having legalized recreational marijuana. The remaining three states, New Hampshire, Rhode Island and Connecticut, have all adopted medical marijuana laws and are pushing for legalization in the near future.
New England Cannabis Culture
To help you get a better feel for New England cannabis culture, let’s break it down state by state.
Massachusetts has experienced relaxed cannabis laws since 2008, when marijuana was first decriminalized in the Bay State. Medical marijuana was legalized four years later in 2012, setting the tone for recreational legalization four years later in November of 2016.
While recreational marijuana is currently legal in Massachusetts, the legal framework surrounding the sale and taxation of cannabis is not yet established. Medical marijuana dispensaries are currently open in Massachusetts, however, recreational dispensaries are slated to open sometime …
In the past six months, we have closely followed the efforts of Josephine County, Oregon, to ban cannabis farming in its rural residential 5 (RR-5) zone (see our coverage here and here). Just last week we mentioned that a coalition of local growers (“Petitioners”) challenging the local ordinance finally had their day in court, presenting their case to Oregon’s Land Use Board of Appeals (“LUBA”). In brief, the challenged ordinance, adopted in December, banned marijuana production on RR-5 lots that smaller than five acres, and seriously curtailed production on larger lots. The Petitioners challenged the ordinance on three grounds, alleging:
The ordinance violated ORS 215.130(5) because it does not allow farms operating at the time the ordinance was adopted to continue operating. (ORS 215.130(5) essentially prohibits a county from adopting an ordinance that retroactively bans existing lawful uses.)
The county failed to give mandatory notices to the owners of any properties that would be limited or prohibited from any previously allowed uses.
Local jurisdictions are only allowed to place “reasonable regulations” on commercial cannabis production, and this ordinance did not qualify.
Yesterday, LUBA issued its opinion in favor of the Petitioners, and sent the County back to square one on the ordinance. The Petitioners deserve a hearty congratulations, but the fight is far from …
Bhang Lassi is a very popular drink in India both for its aromatic smell and relaxing, spiritual effect. It is an ancient cannabis preparation enriched with seeds, spices, honey and milk which has been used for centuries in this amaing country. In this article we explain you how to easily prepare it at home!
Bhang Lassi and cannabis
The popularity of this beverage has its origins in the Hindu religion and is associated with the cult of Shiva: the followers of this goddess used – and still use today – to smoke Bhang (which means “cannabis” in Hindi language) in the temples dedicated to Shiva, also charas (which is hashish obtained by rubbing fresh plants with the hands). Without a doubt, sadhus are the most famous among the followers of Shiva, religious “holy men” who wander along the temples with their traditional clay chillums.
Bhang Lassi and other cannabis derivatives have been traditionally used in religious ceremonies to connect men with Shiva and be purified from their sins. But the popularity of Bhang Lassi skyrocketed when the first tourists interested in recreational cannabis visited India (during the 70’s and onwards) and discovered the traditional cannabis milk shakes, which is to say, Bhang Lassi.
Since the popularity of this drink throughout the territory is huge, you can find …
On Thursday, SB 1409, which proposes changes to California’s industrial hemp laws, was referred to committee. This piece of legislation proposes some much-needed updates to California’s industrial hemp laws. In our experience, states with adult use marijuana regulations, like California, tend to move more slowly building out their industrial hemp programs, which often come in as an afterthought. In that respect, SB 1409 is a welcome effort.
Currently, California law regulates the cultivation of industrial hemp, and specifies certain procedures and requirements on cultivators, not including an established agricultural research institution. Existing law defines “industrial hemp,” via the California Uniform Controlled Substances Act, as a fiber or oilseed crop, or both, that is limited to the non-psychoactive types of the plant Cannabis sativa L. and the seed produced from that plant.
Existing California law also requires that industrial hemp only be grown by those on the list of approved hemp seed cultivars. That list includes only hemp seed cultivars certified on or before January 1, 2013. Industrial hemp may only be grown as a densely planted fiber or oilseed crop, or both, in minimum acreages. Growers of industrial hemp and seed breeders must register with the county agricultural commissioner and pay a registration and/or renewal fee.
SB 1409 proposes to delete the exclusionary requirement that industrial hemp seed cultivars …
There’s a lot of confusion surrounding medical marijuana because the general public doesn’t know a lot about it. Often, doctors don’t know much either. One reason for the confusion is that people think recreational marijuana and medical cannabis are the same thing, and they aren’t. It’s because of this kind of confusion that medical personnel and medical marijuana clinics focus on education. Here are some medical cannabis myths you shouldn’t believe.
You can get more accomplished as a team than you can as an individual, so why not recruit some new members to team soil? That’s right, by adding special organisms and other “garden helpers,” you can improve the condition of your cannabis grow – and ultimately your whole cannabis crop – by using “living” or “no-till” soil as your grow medium.
Some of the benefits of using living soil include easier absorption of nutrients by plant roots, reduced watering frequency, limited erosion, improved aeration and additional protection against more dangerous pests.
What is Living Soil?
Living soil is the community of organisms working together to break down organic matter in soil which, in turn, provides valuable nutrition to plants and other surrounding organisms. This no-till soil functions as its own ecosystem, feeding itself and the plants that grow from it through a “soil food web” of bacteria, fungi, protozoa, nematodes, earthworms and anthropoids.
Living soil has shown to produce extremely high-quality cannabis. photo credit
The rout of decomposition follows the same path: organic matter collects on the ground where decomposers like bacteria, fungi and nematodes break it down. Next, organisms like nematodes and protozoa come alone and feed on the bacteria, fungi, etc., then anthropoids (small insects) come and feast on them until small animals consume them.…
Our Barcelona office continues to keep tabs on Spain’s vibrant cannabis industry, which is different than anything going on in the United States, or anywhere else in the world for that matter. Last week, the 15th annual Spannabis conference showed that the country’s enthusiasm for marijuana has not diminished in the least, and that Spaniards continue to adapt and push forward within a unique state environment.
Spain’s lack of regulations for cannabis use, its criminal laws against cannabis, and the country’s failure to enforce those criminal laws, presents a unique view of use, possession, and cultivation of cannabis. Unlike the United States, Spain’s laws do not distinguish between medical and recreational cannabis use and/or possession. The Spanish Justice refers to substances listed in the 1961 Single Convention on Narcotic Drugs (the “Narcotics List”) as either banned or controlled. The Narcotics List contains most illegal drugs, including cannabis. According to the Spanish Criminal Code, it is considered a criminal offense to develop, produce, or sell any of the substances on the Narcotics List, or engage in any activity designed to encourage their consumption. A distinction is made between substances that cause serious damage to health and other substances that the law considers less harmful.
In Spain, it is illegal to sell cannabis; however, the government does not prosecute the personal and …
For state-by-state legalization to succeed in the long run, state and local governments often need to take significant enforcement measures against existing “gray” cannabis markets to ensure that there’s an even playing field for licensed operators who face the financial pinch and responsibility of comprehensive licensing regulations and robust taxation. To date, each state with an existing, unregulated medical cannabis industry has taken action to make sure that unlicensed, unregulated medical cannabis operators don’t undermine or disenfranchise their otherwise licensed counterparts (see Washington State as a prime example, or the continuing legislative efforts in Oregon).
It appears that California is finally taking certain steps to stop the unlicensed and illegal sale of cannabis within its borders. To regulators’ credit, they don’t have a choice but to tolerate the Compassionate Use Act (“CUA”) collective model through early 2019: the MAUCRSA preserves the criminal immunity of CUA collectives and cooperatives up to one year after the first MAUCRSA licenses begin to issue. The drop dead date on those collectives and cooperatives is now January 9, 2019.
Although these CUA collectives and cooperatives can continue to serve qualified patients and their caregivers without the administrative annoyance or cost of having to comply with MAUCRSA, they can’t engage in the for-profit sale …
Once you decide medical cannabis is the right treatment option, one of the next steps is finding a great medical cannabis clinic near you. A medical cannabis clinic has medical personnel on site. These health professionals will become your trusted advisors, helping to ensure the treatment plan they’ve created is working to improve your quality of life.
When we talk about Sativa strains, there is a name that comes to mind almost immediately: Jack Herer. This genetics is doubtless one of the most renowned and sought-after cannabis hybrids around the world, winner of countless awards and a true classic in Amsterdam coffee shops. Obviously, it has been used to develop many other new strains, as the spectacular Rosetta Stone, one of the parents of the strain we’ll see today.
In this occasion we’ll know more about one of te best Sativas of Spanish seed bank R-Kiem Seeds, Eli, a variety which comes from the cross between the aforementioned Rosetta Stone and a pure African landrace kept by the guys at R-Kiem, Sawla Ghana.
R-Kiem Seeds is gurantee of quality
Genetics of Eli by R-Kiem Seeds
Rosetta Stone – the male parent used to create Eli – comes from a hybrid developed in the late 90s by Brothers Grimm Seeds, a cross between Ginger-Ale and the famous White Widow. On its part, Ginger-Ale is basically composed of Jack Herer genes (Cafe Girl, Cinderella and Princess). Thus, Rosetta Stone stands out for her unique woody scent – with awesome turpentine and sawdust notes – and intense and balanced effect. Her growth pattern is more compact than most Sativas, developing a prominent main stem where …
Despite the overwhelming numbers of people touched by autism and the growing number of people seeking cannabis treatment, very few studies are being conducted on marijuana’s ability to help treat autism.
Autism and Cannabis
Frequently diagnosed in early childhood, there is no known cure for autism. A neurodevelopmental disorder complicated by genetic mutations, parental age, and environmental factors, symptoms of autism include impaired social skills, lack of communication abilities and repetitive and compulsive behavior, often self-injurious. The array of symptoms range from lack of eye contact and stilted social interactions, to those who are unable to speak at all or act out violently.
There is a large, anecdotal collection of successes and a lot of grassroots activism from parents who have used cannabis to help their autistic children, but little medical momentum.
However, this is progressively changing. Moms like Mieko Hester-Perez, whose autistic son Joey was growing increasingly uncommunicative and self-harming, found that her son’s behavior …
The Oregon legislature concluded the 2018 session last weekend. As we wrote last month, because 2018 is an even-numbered year, this was a short session lasting just 35 days. We predicted that not all four proposed cannabis bills would pass and that is exactly what happened: the proposed legislation on “special events” for marijuana licensees quickly fell by the wayside. You can be sure someone will push that one again in 2019.
Still, three bills made it through, two of which will impact the Oregon marijuana and hemp industries considerably. These “enrolled” bills have been approved by both legislative houses, and will become law as soon as Governor Brown signs– or within 30 days of passage if she does not. Because these bills passed through two Democrat-controlled chambers, and because Governor Brown is also a Democrat who has never vetoed a cannabis bill, you can be 99.99% sure these bills will soon become law.
Each bill is linked to and summarized below. If you click through, remember that text in bold typeface is proposed new language, and text in [italicized and bracketed] typeface is language that will be removed from existing statutes.
Crafting laws and regulations is more art than a science. The authors of initiatives, legislators, and administrative agencies who create and implement rules to legalize medical and recreational marijuana are bound to get some things wrong. This may be due to political pressures, competing interests, and the simple fact that marijuana is prohibited under federal law.
Now that so many states have legalized, we figured a good way to determine what was working and what was not, would be to ask individuals those living in those states. So we did just that on our lively Facebook page by asking for our readers’ feedback. The responses were interesting and all over the board.
Many of our readers expressed a concern that California has been over-regulating cannabis since voters approved legalizing recreational marijuana in 2016. (We wrote about this issue recently here.) Complaints were focused on the increased price of cannabis products since legalization went into effect on January 1. There were also complaints about how medical patients no longer had access to products that were available prior to the state’s new and expansive cannabis regulations.
In a similar fashion, many commentators claimed that Washington‘s regulatory framework was overly burdensome, though there were not nearly as many complaints about the price of cannabis which has dropped significantly since Washington retail …
Fearful of past rhetoric and stigmatization, there is plenty of confusion over the medicinal properties of cannabis and its derivatives. Thankfully, a new report has started to clear things up. A recent study conducted by the World Health Organization (WHO) has found that the cannabinoid cannabidiol, or CBD, has nearly zero health risks.
For patients who use CBD, the WHO reports that the most adverse problems stem from drug-to-drug interaction. By itself, CBD has shown almost no health risks to humans. It is “generally well tolerated” by patients and has a “good safety profile” according the report.
This is good news for cannabis activists across the world. More countries are opening their doors to accommodate CBD as a medicine, and the report shows no evidence of recreational use or public health problems associated with pure CBD. On top of that, this study marks an important precedent in cannabis research and will hopefully fuel the flame for even more research and positive results to come.
Now, let’s take a closer look at the results of the WHO study and its potential impacts on human health.
Where Does CBD Come From and How is it Consumed?
Cannabis plants come in a variety of cultivars, or types, and each contain a certain percentage of CBD. The hemp cultivars have higher …