Tagged By Alchimia blog

How to grow magic mushrooms from Freshmushrooms

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As you may have noticed, recently we’ve added a wide range of magic mushrooms from Freshmushrooms to our online catalogue. While growing them at home is easy, it does require carefully following a few important steps to ensure everything works as it should and you can enjoy a successful, problem-free harvest of your own magic mushrooms.

In this article we present a concise guide to using our mushroom growing kits in a simple and effective way. You’ll be surprised at how easy it can be!

A small forest of Amazonica mushrooms

A small forest of Amazonica mushrooms

Cultivating Freshmushrooms magic mushrooms step by step

Growing your own mushrooms like the famous Psilocybe Cubensis Panamericana, the classic Golden Teacher or the legendary Psicolybe Mckennaii is now easily within reach, and as you’ll see below, the team at Freshmushrooms couldn’t have made it easier thanks to this handy guide! These mushroom cultivation kits include everything you’ll need to get excellent crops in just a few weeks, without complications or risks, and with shrooms loaded with psilocybin. Let’s do it!

Step 1:

Open the box and remove the contents: the mushroom growing kit, the plastic bag and the paperclip. Remove the lid of the kit’s plastic container, rinse it well with clean water and store it properly, you’ll need it later (you can keep it safe inside …

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Flavonoids and Cannabis

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The many different varieties of cannabis contain hundreds of compounds (the exact number is hard to calculate), each with its own characteristics and properties. You’ll most likely have heard of cannabinoids, terpenes and flavonoids as components of the plant, with the first two occupying much of the general interest. However, it is estimated that flavonoids represent 10% of the total substances produced by the plant, and 2.5% of the dry weight in leaves and flowers. But what are flavonoids? What is their purpose, and how do they act? In this article we will answer these questions.

Flavonoids are responsible for the colour of the flowers.

Flavonoids are responsible for the colour of the flowers, stems and leaves.

What are flavonoids?

Described for the first time by Robert Doyle (1664), the first flavonoid – citrine – was identified by Nobel Prize winner Szent-Györgyi in 1930. Today, “flavonoids” is the name used to refer to a wide range of secondary metabolites (phytonutrients) present in terrestrial plants, and also in some algae. Since there is enormous diversity in both the biosynthesis and the chemical composition of these compounds, it is estimated that more than 5,000 flavonoids can be found in plants, fruits and vegetables (some sources even point to 9,000 or more).

In addition, we know that their metabolic functions within the organism of plants and animals (and of course humans) …

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What is Psilocybin and what are its effects?

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What is psilocybin?

  • Name: Psilocybin, 4-PO-DMT
  • F0rmula: C12H17N2O4P
  • IUPAC name: [3-(2-dimethylaminoethyl)-1H-indol-4-il] dihydrogen phosphate
  • Molecular weight: 284,25 g/mol
  • Melting point: 220-228ºC

Psilocybin and psilocin (an alkaloid derived from the former) are psychoactive compounds found in numerous species of fungi (estimated at 200 species), including the popular Psilocybe Cubensis. In some areas of the planet, the use of this type of mushroom dates back millennia, either in a recreational or a spiritual form, especially in ritualistic and shamanic contexts. In addition, as we will see later, these entheogens – like many others – can also be used for medicinal purposes, and can be effective to treat diseases such as anxiety or depression.

At the end of the decade of the 50s, using Mexican Psilocybes, the reputed Swiss scientist Albert Hoffman not only managed to isolate psilocybin and psilocin while working at Sandoz laboratories, but also created a way to produce it synthetically. Normally, psilocybin fungi are those that contain this alkaloid compound.

Psilocybin molecule

Psilocybin molecule

Magic mushrooms & psilocybin

In fact, a large number of mushrooms – often referred to as magic or hallucinogenic – share as a common feature the presence of psilocybin in varying concentrations. There are about 200 basidiomycete fungi that contain it, and can be found naturally in areas of America, Europe and Asia. Naturally, …

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Automatic Irrigation for Cannabis

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Growing cannabis with automatic irrigation

Cultivating cannabis is an art in which each grower uses their best techniques and their own knowledge, as well as different growing apparatus that can help to manage the growing environment or as in this case, the automatic irrigation of cannabis plants.

Automatic irrigation in a cannabis grow

Automatic irrigation in cannabis cultivation

The duration of a cannabis crop is around 3 months, with the first month for the plants vegetative growth and at least the next 2 months for flowering. During this time plants require water and fertilisers every few days, so irrigation will become a repetitive task that can end up tiring all but the most dedicated grower, especially when time is at a premium.

Manual or automatic irrigation in cannabis cultivation

Pretty much every grower starting out in cannabis cultivation will usually irrigate by hand, but how can we simplify this task?

Many growers prefer to water by hand and can be a bit reluctant to adopt automatic irrigation systems, but when you use one for the first time there’s no turning back. Automatic irrigation gives us more free time to check the plants or to dedicate to other tasks.

Automatic irrigation can be as simple or as complex as we like, depending on the requirements of each grower and the aspects that they …

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Hemp and Marijuana – what’s the difference?

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Classification and taxonomy of cannabis

Even though it is estimated that the cannabis plant has been accompanying humanity for millennia, confusion still exists today regarding the classification of its species or varieties. In fact, the debate on how to classify this plant has been active for more than two centuries: are the different varieties of cannabis typical of a single and very diverse species? Or is it a polytypic genre with several species? In this article we will investigate and explain the main differences between hemp and marijuana.

There are hundreds of cannabis varieties

There are hundreds of cannabis varieties

As we saw in our article on the origins of cannabis cultivation, the plant was first classified by Carl Linnaeus in 1753, and named Cannabis Sativa. However, Linnaeus only knew European hemp, and it was not until 1785 that Jean-Baptiste de Lamarck introduced a second species found in the mountains of India and with very different morphological features from the first, which he called Cannabis Indica. Much later, in the twentieth century, precisely in 1924, D.E. Janichevsky presented a third species found in Russia, Cannabis Ruderalis.

Origins of cannabis cultivation

The debate continued until the 1970s, when William Emboden, Loran Anderson and Richard E. Schultes proposed the classification that is still the most popular among botanists and growers today, dividing the genus Cannabis into …

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CMH/LEC Grow Lamps

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It’s undeniable that the cannabis industry has evolved at a dizzying pace over the last decade, with a multitude of new genetics and products that we couldn’t even imagine a few years ago. A clear example of this is the new CMH (Ceramic Metal Halide) technology in illumination for indoor cultivation, also known as LEC (Light Emitting Ceramic). Based on the design of conventional high intensity discharge bulbs, these new lamps are innovative for replacing the quartz used in the familiar metal halide bulbs with a ceramic element, which provides a series of advantages, especially in terms of width of the light spectrum and better use of light, which translates into bigger harvests.

The explanation is simple: CMH LEC lighting systems emit a spectrum of light that is much closer to natural light than any other bulb on the market, with an unrivalled richness in the different wavelengths and that ranges from UV to far red. It is, in a manner of speaking, the perfect artificial light for cultivating plants indoors, increasing photosynthesis and reaching yields of 1.5 grams per watt in the case of cannabis, and with a higher production of terpenes! In addition, and as you will see below, some of the biggest brands in the illumination business already offer their own CMH equipment, which …

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Types of grow lights for indoor cannabis cultivation

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How do we light our cannabis growing space?

When we decide to set up an indoor cannabis grow for personal use at home, there are many factors to take into account if we want to get the best results, but one of the most important to consider is the type of light and its power consumption.

When deciding on the type of light to use, we must keep in mind that each technology has its different advantages and disadvantages with respect to growing cannabis. Certain types of bulbs will offer the best yield (lumen per watt) but at the same time they are a considerable heat source that can cause problems to many growers, especially those that live in particularly warm climates or are only able to grow cannabis in small spaces.

On the contrary, other types of illumination emit almost no heat at all, although often the high price of this kind of lighting, combined with its lower effectiveness when compared to other systems, combine to make them less popular. They are, however, indispensable to the many indoor growers that can only cultivate cannabis successfully thanks to the low heat emission of these lights.

Kit with cool tube

This lighting kit with air-cooled reflector includes all you need for plentiful flowering


The choice of lighting systems for indoor growing mainly depends on …

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How to make THCA Crystals & Solventless Sauce

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Why isolate cannabinoids?

In recent times we’ve seen a great increase in the amount of isolated cannabinoids coming onto the market, with CBD crystals and pure THC distillate becoming a more frequent sight on the menus of dispensaries. Their popularity is mostly due to the ease of calculating dosage amounts. While the vast majority of resin extracts have an unknown cannabinoid content, when we isolate a cannabinoid, users can be confident that they have a product with a purity approaching 100%, which makes it very simple to adjust dosage to a specific amount of milligrams. This is particularly important when preparing edibles, tinctures or other products for oral consumption, where knowing the cannabinoid content is vital to avoid any ill effects caused by ingesting too much THC.

Pure Solventless THCA Crystals

THCA Crystals isolated using this method

For the most part, these isolated cannabinoid products are the result of complex processes that employ expensive equipment, volatile chemicals and in-depth, specialist knowledge that are far out of the reach of the average home grower, extraction enthusiast or fan of cannabis concentrates.

THCA molecule

THCA molecule

However, over the last year, new techniques have come to light that enable anyone with a rosin press and some good quality starting material to produce their own isolated THCA, the un-decarboxylated, acid form of THC. It …

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Presenting the DaVinci MIQRO Vaporiser

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Within the cannabis vaporiser market, the portable vaporiser sector is experiencing an enormous growth in popularity. Brands are acutely aware of this and as a result there is lively competition among them to produce compact vaporisers, which are growing increasingly smaller over time, and offering even higher performance.

DaVinci is one of the vaporiser brands that haven’t missed the opportunity to come up with new models in this vibrant portable vaporiser market, so today we present their new gem, the DaVinci MIQRO. This ultra compact portable unit with elegant, discreet and functional design can be purchased on its own or bought together with all its accessories in the complete DaVinci MIQRO Explorer Kit.

The DaVinci MIQRO portable vaporiser is elegant, discreet and functional

The DaVinci MIQRO portable vaporiser is elegant, discreet and functional

The MIQRO vaporiser, the new gem from DaVinci

The DaVinci MIQRO is the result of excellent work by DaVinci, fruit of a design process that has led to a 33% reduction in size of one of its flagship products, the DaVinci IQ vaporizer, and all without any decrease in performance, and even increasing it in some cases.

This new DaVinci portable vaporiser has an elegant design and at the same time great simplicity of operation, with all the functions of the vaporiser being configured with just three buttons located on the right hand …

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Cannabis risotto with saffron

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Risotto is a traditional Italian dish made with medium graine rice, which should be rich in starch. This recipe comes from the Verona area, since top quality rice is widely found there, as well as the other main ingredient of rissoto, cheese. In Italy, rissoto is defined as “minestra asciuta“, which means dry soup and indicates that the resulting preparation must be neither dry nor too liquid, but with a creaminess that allows to use a fork.

Risotto, along with pasta and pizza, are probably the three flagship dishes of Italian cuisine. Despite the main ingredient of today’s recipe is rice, we are going to use it as a vehicle to transport the rest of flavours that we want to incorporate to the dish. You can use a wide range of ingredients to complement your rice, the only thing to keep in mind is to achieve a correct balance between the different flavours. Thus, you can use vegetables, seafood, poultry meat, bush meat, guts, spices, wines, etc.

Our cannabis risotto with saffron is ready!

Our cannabis risotto with saffron is ready!

Tips and tricks to prepare the best cannabis risotto

The first thing to know is that rice will be ready around 15-20 minutes after adding the first spoonfuls of broth. Thus, it is best to have all ingredients ready before …

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5 Cannabis varieties with discreet aromas

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Among its many cherished characteristics, cannabis is highly appreciated for its aromas, but sometimes plants can generate a smell so powerful that it can attract the attention of neighbours and this issue can become a serious problem for those growing weed outdoors, where maximum discretion is essential and in which the use of carbon filters or other anti-odour systems is impossible.

In these cases choosing a cannabis variety that gives off discreet aromas is a good idea if we want to limit the smell generated by our garden, especially for outdoor crops on terraces and balconies. For this reason, you should avoid any genetics that stand out for their powerful and telltale aromas typical of cannabis, these include the varieties of the Diesel or Skunk families, Cheese or the Sour Diesel among many others… we are talking about varieties with a very high terpene content, which are distinguished by their characteristic, persistent and highly volatile aromas.

In this article we look at a selection of the varieties most recognised for their subtle and discreet scents, to help you avoid security headaches and uninvited guests at your grow spot.

Some cannabis strains have a more discreet aroma than many others

Some cannabis strains have a more discreet aroma than many others

Sugar Pop by Philosopher Seeds

The variety Sugar Pop from Philosopher Seeds is perfectly adapted to single

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Cannabis in Afghanistan

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Afghanistan is a landlocked country in central Asia, wedged between the western foothills of the Hindu Kush and the deserts of Iran, is a country with one of the greatest traditions of cannabis cultivation and, more specifically, of hashish production. Since it is believed that cannabis originated thousands of years ago on the slopes of the Himalayas (home of the largest mountains in the world), today it seems obvious that this was one of the first places where this plant was cultivated in a controlled manner, although even now there is still some confusion as to what kind of varieties have been traditionally grown in this area, as well as the “emergence” of the Afghan genotype, or in other words, what we now refer to as Afghan varieties.

What is clear is that Afghanistan is one of the cradles of cannabis and especially of hashish, with a tradition that today represents what would probably be the world’s oldest in terms of the development of hash. In addition, and according to the UNODC, in recent years Afghanistan has become the world’s largest producer of this resin concentrate, surpassing Morocco and seeing the cultivation of cannabis gradually displace that of another traditional crop in the Golden Triangle area, that of opium.

Cannabis is grown in many valleys in Afghanistan

Cannabis is grown in many of Afghanistan’s valleys

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Puffco Peak Smart Rig

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The Peak Smart Rig

The world of cannabinoid extractions is in a golden age, these days more and more users are switching from the combustion of flowers to the vaporisation of resin concentrates. The main reason for this change is to avoid inhaling smoke and its harmful derivatives, and instead to vaporise, obtaining a medicinal effect free of impurities and contaminants.

E-nail Puffco The Peak

Puffco The Peak Smart Rig

These precious resin concentrates also demand high quality products with which to consume them, for example the Puffco Peak, which allows us maximum enjoyment of the terpenes in the extract, capturing all the flavours of the plant.

The Peak is the next step in the evolution of e-nails, which until now have always been bulky devices that require a mains socket or transformer to provide the power needed to reach high vaporisation temperatures and fully enjoy the most pure and tasty concentrates.

With The Peak Puffco has taken the essence of the old style e-nails and recreated it in a stylish, elegant option that’s easy to use, small in size and forgoes the need to buy a bubbler or pipe in addition to the e-nail itself.

E-Nail The Peak travel Pack

The Peak Travel Pack

Its design is very distinctive, and the unit is compact, with an ergonomic base, 6cm wide with a

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Lemon Curd with Amnesia BHO Live Resin

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Lemon curd is a fast and easy to prepare recipe, a delicious lemon cream ideal to fill cakes, cupcakes or to use just as decoration. On this occasion, we’ll show you how to cook your own version, of course enriched with cannabinoids thanks to the cannabis butter used to prepare it.

Ingredients to prepare Lemon Curd

Necessary ingredients to prepare Lemon Curd

Super Lemon Curd: Lemon cream and cannabis resin

To prepare your super lemon curd you’ll need some cannabis butter, which you can easily cook by following the instructions on the link. In this case, we’ll use butter enriched with BHO (Amnesia Live Resin. We chose this strain – rich in limonene – to combine it with the citrus taste of the cream).

How to make marijuana butter

Once cooked, allow your marijuana butter to cool in the fridge and get everything ready to prepare the lemon curd. You’ll need (for 2 people):

  • 50g of powdered sugar
  • 1 egg
  • The juice of one lemon
  • 50g of butter (we’ll use 2g of BHO butter and 48g of regular butter, see final note)

Beat the icing sugar and the lemon juice in a small bowl until getting a uniform mixture. Allow to cool for a few minutes and then add the cold butter and the egg. Cook the mixture over a low heat and …

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Paisa Grow Seeds, passion for cannabis breeding

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Paisa Grow Seeds is an example of the new wave of cannabis breeders and seed companies, with passion for the plant and the aim for a work well done as main virtues. Despite being a young company, the project started some years ago, when the guy in charge created his own collection of cannabis genetics which has only increased since then.

With this amazing collection of strains, Paisa Grow Seeds have created some trully outstanding hybrids that represent the hundreds of plants grown, tested and bred over the years. Some of these spectacular varietiess are Monkey Banana and Super Choco, both with THC levels above 20%. Other remarkable genetics from Paisa are Colombian Fruit, Fast Mass Haze, Old Amnesia or Toro Blanco.

The quality of Paisa Grow Seeds genetics is beyond doubt

The quality of Paisa Grow Seeds genetics is beyond doubt

Innovation and dynamism are two aspects that the guys at Paisa Grow Seeds show year after year, constantly developing new and interesting marijuana strains. As an example we have Choco Cookies, a cross between the renowned Girl Scout Cookies Thin Mint (female) and Super Choco (male), or Gold Honey, a mostly Sativa hybrid between Afghan Honey Kush and their Super Choco male with very vigorous growth and awesome effect.

But Paisa Grow do not only develop THC strains. Paisa CBD is their brand …

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Causes of death in plants during the growth period

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Causes of death in cannabis plants during the growth period

The vegetative growth of cannabis plants can be one of the longest periods of cultivation when growing outdoors – or indoors – where in, for example the countries of southern Europe they enjoy a lengthy spring and summer. During the course of this growth phase, problems can arise that may lead to the death of the plant even before the flowering stage begins.

Let’s see what are the most frequent causes of death during the plants’ growth period and what we can do to avoid a premature, unhappy ending.

Cannabis plants in growth period

Cannabis plants in vegetative growth

Overwatering cannabis plants

The most common cause, especially among beginner growers, is undoubtedly overwatering. The excess of irrigation particularly affects young plants in their first weeks of life (although it can also occur with larger plants).

The main reason is watering too much, too frequently. Small plants have a very limited resistance, partly because of their size. A plant with two cotyledons and three small roots can not cope with large amounts of water, simply because they can not process it, not having sufficient absorption capacity in the root zone.

The growth phase is crucial for an abundant bloom

The growth phase is crucial for an abundant bloom

If we overwater our plants, the substrate will be permanently wet, meaning the roots will not …

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How to use a Hydraulic Rosin Press

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Rosin has become a hugely popular extraction method, not only because it’s really easy to carry out and completely safe, with no risk of explosions or fire, but also because of the purity of the results, giving clean cannabis concentrates produced using only heat and pressure, totally free of solvents, and within the reach of everyone.

Simple, clean and safe, rosin is the perfect extraction method for the home grower

Simple, clean and safe, rosin is the perfect extraction method for the home grower

With this growth in popularity, the number of purpose-built presses on the market has increased hugely over the last year, with a wide range of different sizes, styles and prices available to the budding extractor, depending on his or her requirements.

In posts over the last few years we’ve shown you how to make rosin from flowers and then from hash using a simple electric hair straightener, a great and inexpensive way to get started in this world of solventless cannabis extractions. But now it’s time to look at how to extract on a larger scale, using a hydraulic press and heated aluminium plates.

The principals of the extraction process are the same, as are the variables to control: temperature, pressure and time. However, things are a bit easier in the case of a professional press, we’ve got more pressure at our disposal, the temperature …

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Expogrow 2018

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Expogrow: Much more than a Cannabis Fair

This past weekend, from 14 to 16 of September, the 7th edition of Expogrow was held in the Basque Country, an absolutely un-missable event for the cannabis community.

Once again, the Ficoba exhibition centre in Irún hosted the fair, with a considerable increase in the space for stands: 5,000m2 spread over 4 pavilions for exhibitors and professionals from the cannabis sector, as well as a large outdoor area of 7,000m2 for leisure activities, chill-out areas and food trucks, alongside numerous fun things to do.

Publicity for the 7th Expogrow 2018

Poster for the 7th Expogrow 2018

With 12,000m2 of surface area, Expogrow has continued to expand since its beginnings in 2012 and has grown to become the largest cannabis event in Europe. According to the organisers, Expogrow 2018 broke all records with 181 exhibitors, a score of countries represented and more than 2,000 accredited professionals, a new participation success with almost 15,000 visitors attending over the 3 days of the expo.

Alchimiaweb, Philosopher Seeds y Reggae Seeds at Expogrow 2018

This year, as with all others, our team from Alchimiaweb, Philosopher Seeds and Reggae Seeds traveled to Irún to participate in Expogrow. At stand B301 we installed our Plinko Alchimia game, with a wide variety of prizes for all participants with gifts ranging from a grinder, …

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Thai green chicken curry with cannabis

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What is curry?

Curry is the western name for a group of different dishes prepared with a mixture of spices commonly used in Asian cuisine. This type of recipes spread across the globe mainly thanks to the diffusion of Asian cuisine during the times of British colonies in Asia, around the XVIII century.

Thai green chicken curry with cannabis

Thai green chicken curry with cannabis

Types of curry

In short, curry is a paste prepared with different Asian spices – always depending on the location – which may include: chili, basil, celery, saffron, cinnamon, cardamom, coriander, lemongrass, turmeric, ginger, mustard, pepper or nutmeg, among many others. Each country and area has its own recipe, so it is not strange to see plenty of variations of this recipe. For example, curry in India usually contains cardamom, nutmeg, peanut, cumin, ginger and coriander and mustard seeds, thus producing a perfectly balanced blend which results in an extremely complex taste.

On the other hand, Thai curry is normaly fresher, with lime, lemongrass, fresh coriander, fresh basil, fresh ginger and galanga. In this way, the flavour is fresher and citrus especially when compared to the traditional recipes from India. We are also going to use some cannabis infused milk, so you’ll have to have at hand some buds of your favourite cannabis strain!

Turmeric is one of the ingredients of curry

Turmeric is one of

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LST – Low Stress Training for cannabis plants

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Plant training – a low-stress alternative to pruning

Cannabis is a robust, vigorous and fast-growing plant which responds very well to crop optimisation techniques such as: pruning; propagation via cuttings; hydroponic cultivation and more. In a previous article we looked at the so-called “destructive” techniques like pruning, super-cropping, etc, and in this article we’re going to talk about a very useful technique both for indoor and outdoor growers: Training or tying down, often referred to by cannabis growers as LST (low stress training). This technique originated in the agricultural sector, where for generations vineyards and orchards have been cultivated using a variety of training techniques, to facilitate harvesting and improve the productivity of the crop.

A vine trained to maximise yields

Plant training is a traditional technique in vineyards and orchards

Why train cannabis plants?

The most common use of training is to limit the height of our cannabis plants, whether it’s in order to make sure they stay at a discreet height and out of sight below a wall or fence when we’re growing outdoors or to keep the tops of the plants at the proper distance from our indoor grow lamps, we can bend and them to manipulate their structure, without needing to top them or cut the growing tip.

Train your plants to keep the out of sight

Training works to keep our plants out of sight

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Presenting Indizono Ozonisers

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Ozone, the cannabis cultivator’s friend

Ozone (O3) is a substance that is a colourless gas at ambient temperature and pressure, giving off an acrid smell; Thanks to its high oxidising power, this gas has a great ability to disinfect and eliminate odours. Nowadays, ozone has many applications in areas as diverse as industry, agriculture, or domestic sanitation, being of particular interest for the indoor cannabis cultivation.

The ozone molecule (O3) is composed of three oxygen atoms (O2) formed by dissociating the two atoms that make up oxygen

The ozone molecule (O3) is composed of three oxygen atoms (O2) formed by dissociating the two atoms that make up oxygen (Image © Siyavula Education)

Atmospheric ozone is best known for forming the infamous ozone layer; This is a type of pure ozone that is found in different concentrations between 10 and 40 km above sea level, its two main functions being to act as a filter for ultraviolet rays emitted by the sun and as an air purifier.

Ozone has the honor of being the first allotrope of a chemical element identified by science. In 1785, a Dutch chemist called Martinus van Marum noticed a strange smell while carrying out experiments with electric shocks and water and believed that the smell came from the electrical reactions; in fact, that smell came from the ozone he had created without realising it.

Since then, both the techniques to generate ozone and …

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Responsible use of pesticides in cannabis cultivation

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At this point in the season, when outdoor plants begin flowering and indoor grows are suffering the highest temperatures of the year, it’s common for pests to make their first appearance in our garden, which can be particularly difficult to combat precisely because of the high temperatures, that on most occasions will favour their development and propagation. Our plants are therefore more sensitive than ever to insect pests and, later on and once they have developed buds, to the dreaded fungi.

Because of this, it’s the season of the year where the most insecticides (early summer) and fungicides (late summer) are used, because no grower wants to watch their efforts and dedication be ruined by a pest or disease. However… are we making the best use of pesticides? How can we limit its impact on our health and the environment? This article was born from my own experience during the years that I spent cultivating cannabis outdoors in my garden, when I saw the fauna in it gradually diminish and, fortunately, how I’ve seen its resurgence in recent years thanks to a more responsible use of phytosanitary products.

A healthy cannabis plant will produce first-rate flowers

A healthy cannabis plant will produce first-rate flowers

Organic and chemical pesticides

The first distinction to take before deciding to use any of these products is if we want it …

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How to increase sugars in cannabis plants

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Carbohydrates or sugars in the cultivation of cannabis

What are carbohydrates?

Carbohydrates are a group of compounds that include sugars, starches and cellulose among many other substances. These are formed by carbon, hydrogen and oxygen.

They are vitally important compounds for both plant and animal life. They perform vital functions so that plants can develop healthily and problem-free in all stages of their life and also serve as a source of food for the animals that feed on plants.

Bubble Kush, 44 days, fed with aminoacids

Bubble Kush, 44 days, fed with aminoacids

There are two major types of carbohydrates, the so-called structural and the non-structural. The structural carbohydrates are known to make up part of the cellulose that forms plants cell walls, giving rigidity to the stem, branches and roots, etc., all parts of the plant that keep it standing upright, and without them plants would fall over.

Non-structural carbohydrates are stored in many parts of the plant, for example the stem, roots, rhizomes, stolons, as well as the aerial part of the plants where they play a vital role as the source of energy that the plant relies upon in order to carry out its metabolic functions. They are the fuel the plant needs to keep growing.

But exactly what functions do they perform in plants, and in particular, how do they …

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Anatomy of the Cannabis plant

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When it comes to cannabis, the part of the plant that gets all the attention is naturally the bit we’re all growing for: the flowers. But while it’s easy to be enamoured with the beautiful frosty flowers we shouldn’t overlook the rest, because behind the bud there’s a whole plant, with all its component parts, each playing an essential role in bringing us our precious harvest.

Here at Alchimiaweb we strongly believe that the more we know about our favourite plants, the more success we’ll have cultivating them, and the happier we’ll be with the results! For these reasons here we’re going to take a closer look at the cannabis plant and identify all the different elements of its anatomy to help you get to know this wonderful plant a little bit better.

Hemp Plant, Franz Eugen Köhler 1887

1, male flower, enlarged detail; 2, pollen sac; 3, pollen sac; 4, pollen grain; 5, female flower with bract; 5, female flower, bract removed; 6, female seed cluster, longitudinal section; 7, seed with bract; 8, seed without bract; 9, seed without bract; 10, seed cross section; 11, seed longitudinal section; 12, seed without hull (Franz Eugen Köhler 1887)

The Cannabis seed

For most of us, our introduction to cultivation comes when we buy or are gifted some cannabis seeds for the first time, so …

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Presenting Dank Genetics

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Dank Genetics is a seed bank created from a community of growers from around the world established in the UK, formed with the intention of creating excellent quality cannabis strains either as regular or feminised seeds.

The search for genetic excellence has led Dank Genetics to use only the best strains on the market to make their own dank creations. So, unless the new genetics can pass their strict quality tests, they won’t be distributed, which means we can safely say that all of the strains presented by Dank Genetics are excellent options. Let’s look through the most representative current strains of this exciting seed bank below.

Dank Genetics

Dank Genetics

Fresh Orange, refreshing orange juice

A strain created by crossing Mandarina Kush, from Trichome Jungle Seeds, with Sour Dubble, also known as Sour Dubs, which results in a tasty, powerful and euphoric variety.

Let’s look at the origin of its ancestors to give us an idea of what growers can expect from Fresh Orange.

Fresh Orange

Fresh Orange from Dank Genetics

On one side we have the Mandarina Kush, a big winner at Spannabis in 2015, where it took the first positions both in the flower and the solventless extraction categories. It is a tasty poly-hybrid created by crossing Agent Orange x (Pinneaple x Dynamite

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Summer’s here! Time to relax and enjoy the sun

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It’s high summer and many of us are on vacation or preparing to go camping, to festivals, or to simply relax, enjoy the sun and have a good time. For cannabis lovers, the long summer holidays also represent the best opportunity to calmly savour our harvest… for example, enjoying a quiet summer afternoon with a good Sativa can be priceless, or taking a dip at the beach after a nice tasty dab.

In this article we’d like to suggest a few products from our catalogue that we think are ideal for cannabis smokers on holiday or who simply want to enjoy summer and share their herb with their friends in a comfortable and easy way.

Happy swimming!

It's time to relax and enjoy the summer

It’s time to relax and enjoy the summer

Abscent anti-odour bags

Ideal to travel discreetly, Abscent offers a range of anti-odour products such as bags, backpacks, purses, toiletry bags… all of the highest quality and specially designed to neutralise and contain the powerful aromas given off by our cannabis. With them we can store and move our buds or cannabis concentrates without the pungent smell raising suspicion. In addition, Abscent models with larger capacity will also allow us to transport the more bulky accessories for the consumption of our favourite plant: grinders, pipes, bongs, etc.

Manufactured with several layers of activated

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Introducing Vegamatrix nutrients

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Famous grower Kyle Kushman, creator of Strawberry Cough and expert in medical marijuana, presents Vegamatrix, his own brand of vegan and environmentally friendly nutrients for plants. Mainly composed of plant ingredients, with Vegamatrix you’ll increase both the size and terpene content of your buds, which results in bigger yields and improved scent and taste.

In this article we present you the Vegamatrix range of nutrients, which we’ve tried from seed to harvest indoors with – we must admit – excellent results. Of course, you’ll also find some tips to increase their efficacy and get the best possible results.

Vegamatrix nutrients for plants

Vegamatrix nutrients for plants

Vegamatrix range of nutrients for plants

The range of organic nutrients formulated by Vegamatrix includes the following products: Base nutrients for both the growth and bloom stages (Grow and Bloom), a stimulator rich in magnesium and calcium (Boost), an enzyme complex (Prime-Zyme), an aminoacid-based cocktail (Amp-It), a bloom booster (Big N Sticky), a growth booster made from seaweed (Hard N Quick) and, last but not least, an effective insecticide/fungicide formulated from plant ingredients (FTB).

One of the first striking things about these quality nutrients is the fact that almost all the products of the range are used in each and every watering. Indeed, …

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7 mould resistant cannabis strains

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Moulds can quickly ruin your plants during the last weeks of the flowering stage, that’s why many growers choose mould resistant cannabis strains to guarantee success. This type of genetics are resistant to high relative humidity levels, rarely developing moulds like botrytis or powdery mildew even if grown in humid climates.

If you checked the link above, you may have seen a wide rage of mould resistant varieties. Still, we want to make your decision easier for you by listing some of our favourites, genetics that – for one reason or another – have captivated us for their excellent results in humid climates. Let’s see them now!

Harvest time is coming!

Harvest time is coming!

Viper City OG XIII by Moxie Seeds

Moxie Seeds are known for the amazing amount of trichomes produced by their strains, a trait highly appreciated by lovers of resin extracts. Their Viper City OG XIII produces outstanding amounts of cannabinoids and terpenes, and is also highly resistant to excess relative humidity and diverse types of moulds.

This mostly Indica hybrid comes from a backross between Viper City OG and Lemon OG. It grows relatively compact but with plenty of side branches, focusing bud production on the main stem. It is also resistant to pests and nutrient imbalances, being a great choice for beginner growers.

Viper City OG XIII by Moxie Seeds

Viper City

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The colours of cannabis

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Pakistan Chitral Kush, Grape Ape, Grandaddy Purple, Serious Six, Peyote Purple, Panama Red…all of these cannabis strains show a wonderful colour palette which goes from reddish to purple. Indeed, and while the most common colour in cannabis is green, both leaves and buds may turn orange, pink, purple, black, red, blue…These awesome colours are often one of the traits that breeders want to fix, since it is also one of the most demanded traits by users. 93% of cannabis smokers have noted that they’ve been influenced by the colour of the strain sometime. But, how does cannabis develop such beautiful shades?

A colourful indoor cannabis garden

A colourful indoor cannabis garden

Natural pigments

When we think about plants, the first colour that comes to mind is green. Indeed, the world of plants id dominated by the green colour, but if we take a closer look we’ll soon realize that plants can also develop many other colours, which is explained by pigments. Pigments are chemical colorants, either from living organisms or synthetic. In cannabis plants, they’re are normally divided into several categories:

Chlorophyll

Chlorophyll is quite abundant in plant cells, representing around 70% of the pigments contained in one plant. It is responsible for the green colour and essential for the plants life, since it allows them to absorb the necessary …

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Humic and fulvic acids for cannabis plants

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The use of humic and fulvic acids is becoming increasingly popular among all types of cannabis farmers, who can now take advantage of a healthy, rich and living soil that produces happy plants and therefore abundant harvests. Thanks to this substances, nutrient uptake and management are much more efficient, and root growth is simply spectacular.

Either if you’re using organic soil or hydroponic systems, using  humic and fulvic acids is a very easy way to ensure the best possible conditions for the roots of your plants. Indeed, it is especially recommended in hydroponic cultivation since these types of growing media do not contain nutrients nor microbial life. In this way, you get the most out of the nutrient solution that you’ve carefully prepared for your plants.

Quality soil produces quality flowers

Quality soil produces quality flowers

Soil organic matter

Soil is composed by many substances, some of them resulting from a transformation process of certain molecules. Among the organic components of soil, we can find living organisms on the one hand and organic matter on the other, which usually comes from chemical and microbial transformation processes of organic wastes contained in the soil.

In turn, we can divide this organic matter into unaltered material (fresh, not processed or modified) and altered material (sometimes called humus), which are byproducts physically and chemically different from …

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Cannabis pesto

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Summer heat is comming, and with it the desire to consume fresh foods and drinks like fruit juices, salads, guacamole or, of course, pesto! Originary from the northwestern part of the country, from one of the smallest regions in Italy (Liguria), this delicious, classic Italian sauce has become a true classic across the planet, especially when mixed with pasta. Let us welcome it today to our Cannabis Kitchen section!

While the main ingredients of the traditional recipe are genoese basil, garlic, pine nuts, salt, parmesan or pecorino cheese and olive oil, there are plenty of variations of this popular sauce, like red pesto (with fresh or dried tomatoes) or using a wide variety of dried fruits which can be either mixed with the pine nuts or used to replace them (it is hard to find them in some places!). Today we invite you to make a delicious dish of pesto pasta with a new and exciting ingredient…you guessed right, cannabis!

Cannabis pesto pasta recipe

To prepare this recipe we’ll need the following ingredients. Keep in mind that, as happens with any other recipe, you should not hesitate to innovate and try new things if you wish! Remember that you can check our recipe for cannabis infused oil in this article Cannabis Pizza.

Ingredients for cannabis pestoIngredients for cannabis pesto

Ingredients for cannabis pesto

Ingredients

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Legal cannabis buds now available

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Alchimia Grow Shop have recently introduced a new and interesting product, 100% legal cannabis buds with CBD. The THC content (<0,2%) of this flowers is far below the legal limit, while CBD content is up to 8%, so they’re especially aimed at those who want to benefit from the medicinal properties of CBD – and other non-psychoactive cannabinoids and terpenes – without getting “high”.

We invite you now to take a closer look at these new products and know more about their main characteristics.

Hemp cultivation is recovering its former importance

Hemp cultivation is recovering its former importance

Legal cannabis buds?

Indeed, and as we already mentioned, THC levels in these buds are below the legal limit, thus being officially classified as “hemp”. Thus, you can freely – and legally – purchase and use these flowers in most countries where “marijuana” is illegal (that is to say, cannabis with high THC content). What is then the difference between this new product and the hemp flowers which have been already available for some time? Well, the main difference here – apart from growing techniques – is the genetics used to produce this buds, far superior from traditional hemp varieties.

Cannabinoid content of Orange Star

Cannabinoid content of Orange Star

Despite most hemp strains contain considerable amounts of CBD and almost no THC, many of them have unpleasant scent and taste. In this …

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Legal cannabis buds now available

, , No Comment

Alchimia Grow Shop have recently introduced a new and interesting product, 100% legal cannabis buds with CBD. The THC content (<0,2%) of this flowers is far below the legal limit, while CBD content is up to 8%, so they’re especially aimed at those who want to benefit from the medicinal properties of CBD – and other non-psychoactive cannabinoids and terpenes – without getting “high”.

We invite you now to take a closer look at these new products and know more about their main characteristics.

Hemp cultivation is recovering its former importance

Hemp cultivation is recovering its former importance

Legal cannabis buds?

Indeed, and as we already mentioned, THC levels in these buds are below the legal limit, thus being officially classified as “hemp”. Thus, you can freely – and legally – purchase and use these flowers in most countries where “marijuana” is illegal (that is to say, cannabis with high THC content). What is then the difference between this new product and the hemp flowers which have been already available for some time? Well, the main difference here – apart from growing techniques – is the genetics used to produce this buds, far superior from traditional hemp varieties.

Cannabinoid content of Orange Star

Cannabinoid content of Orange Star

Despite most hemp strains contain considerable amounts of CBD and almost no THC, many of them have unpleasant scent and taste. In this …

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Presenting BSF Seeds at Alchimia

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We’ve recently added a new Spanish bank to our feminised seed catalogue, a bank that, despite its young age (it was founded in 2017), has already aroused enormous interest among cannabis growers and users. We’re talking about BSF Seeds, short for Bigger, Stronger and Faster that perfectly sums up the philosophy of this team of breeders when it comes to developing the cannabis varieties they offer. In this article we’ll familiarise you with this seed bank and its work.

BSF Seeds: Bigger, Stronger, Faster

BSF Seeds: Bigger, Stronger, Faster

The BSF Seeds catalogue is made up of both feminized and large size automatic varieties (also feminized), making them hugely popular with fans of auto varieties. As well as including some classics of the cannabis scene, the catalogue also gathers together some of the most coveted current hybrids of the moment, like Gorilla Glue, Tangie or the famous Zkittlez.

The breeding program followed by BSF is clear: select the most resistant, productive and fastest specimens to stabilise and fix these traits to obtain hybrids that are especially easy to grow and give excellent results, whether they are autoflowering seeds or photodependent varieties. If we factor in the high quality of the genetics from which they start their work, the formula for success seems assured! Furthermore, they’ve also used a very original formula to manage

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Cannabis in Jamaica

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Ganja, Collie, Kiki, Sinsemilla…cannabis has plenty of different names, especially in Jamaica, a small Caribbean island known around the world for its long relationship with this plant.

Indeed, Jamaica is a true place of reference with regard to cannabis cultivation for smokers worldwide. Its tropical climate and fertile soil are ideal for the cultivation of cannabis plants, especially Sativas. Moreover, it is also the place where the Rastafari movement was born, which promotes a religious use of ganja and has a large number of followers in the island. Still, the use of cannabis is widely spread among all social classes – not only Rastafarians – and is doubtless one of the most popular crops in the island. In this article we’ll tell you more about the relation of cannabis with this small Caribbean paradise.

7-mile Beach, Jamaica

7-mile Beach, Jamaica

Introduction of cannabis in Jamaica

Being British colony until 1962, Jamaica is a traditional producer of sugar, also cotton during the slavery period. The indigenous people from the island – the Arawak tribe – were exterminated before the arrival of the British by the Spanish colonizers, while the Commonwealth government forced thousands of slaves to move from Western Africa to Jamaica to work on plantations.

After the abolition of slavery in 1838, and while many slaves abandoned their …

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