Recent Posts

Much Ado About RICO and Cannabis Part 5: Multi-State Update

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marijuana RICOWe’ve previously discussed several civil cases in Oregon where private parties sought to shut down cannabis grow operations under RICO (Racketeer Influenced and Corrupt Organizations Act), claiming that the grow was part of a criminal conspiracy that would drive down property values (see our RICO series here, herehere and here).

Today, we have an update on two marijuana RICO cases elsewhere the country, one in Colorado, and the other in Massachusetts.

Colorado: In a previous post, we discussed Safe Streets Alliance v. Alternative Holistic Healing, LLC, a case from Colorado. This case is notable because the 10th Circuit Court of Appeals has already issued an opinion addressing several key legal issues, giving the litigants the go-ahead to try their case. In dicta, the 10th Circuit noted that at trial, it was possible that a judge or jury would determine that the plaintiff’s land was actually more valuable because of its suitability for cannabis cultivation. Although the 10th Circuit’s opinion only technically applies in the states of Colorado, Kansas, New Mexico, Oklahoma, Utah and Wyoming, other trial and appellate courts will consider the opinion as “persuasive” authority, in other RICO cases.

This case is now scheduled for trial beginning in late August 2018. Assuming this case does not settle, and …

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California Cannabis Events: Coming to a City Near You?

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marijuana event california
Like this, but with cannabis.

In order for a business to succeed, it has to create a connection with customers. This is especially true if the product sold is one that customers consume. Think about the importance of tasting rooms for wineries, or of tap rooms for breweries (especially craft brewers). These venues allow customers to connect with a product in a social setting, giving those businesses a valuable marketing platform.

When the California state legislature passed the Medicinal and Adult-Use Cannabis Regulation and Safety Act (MAUCRSA), it granted local jurisdictions authority to regulate on-site marijuana consumption for retailers and microbusinesses, and temporary cannabis events. The focus of this post is on temporary events, but first, a quick refresher on the microbusiness license type is in order. A microbusiness is a cannabis licensee that must engage in at least three of the following commercial cannabis activities:

  • Cultivation (up to 10,000 square feet);
  • Manufacturing (Type 6 only);
  • Distribution; or
  • Retail.

All three (or four) of the commercial cannabis activities need to take place on the same premises. If a microbusiness chooses to cultivate, manufacture, and conduct sales, it would give that business a great opportunity to directly connect with its customers and tell a story. This is even truer if the local jurisdiction allows for on-site consumption. (For additional information on …

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What Is a Medical Cannabis Clinic?

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There’s a lot of confusion around medical cannabis in Canada currently. Part of the reason for the confusion is that the laws are changing this summer. The other part of the reason is that people, in general, just don’t know enough about it or understand who can use it for medical reasons. This leads to questions about medical cannabis clinics—what they are and what they do. Medical cannabis clinics are imperative in medical marijuana treatment.


Source: http://www.medicinalmarijuanaassociation.com/medical-marijuana-blog/what-is-a-medical-cannabis-clinic…

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Santa Barbara County Nears Final Commercial Cannabis Regulations

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Santa Barbara marijuana cannabis
Get ready for a LOT of cannabis rules.

On February 6th, the Santa Barbara County Board of Supervisors met to consider an ordinance and policy amendments for land use activities associated with commercial cannabis. Currently and historically, all commercial cannabis activities have been prohibited within unincorporated Santa Barbara County. The Board of Supervisors approved the proposed ordinances “in concept,” together with some revisions regarding buffer zones, a delay in instituting energy conservation plans, an elimination of odor control requirements on certain large parcels in the AG-2 zone, a limit on where outdoor marijuana cultivation is allowed, and a cap on the number of retail locations. The ordinances will receive a second reading at the next meeting on February 13th, and will likely be adopted.

One of the highlights from the meeting was the decision to cap the number of available marijuana retail licenses at eight. These licenses will certainly be prized. Note that initially, the county had no cap, and there would have been 284 parcels where retail stores were allowed, a number that the Board of Supervisors deemed excessive and “outrageous.”

Here are some of the highlights from the proposed ordinances:

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Red Herring Alert: Should California Have a Public Cannabis Bank?

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California marijuana banking
A public marijuana bank is a red herring.

It seems like every state in its own way has tried to grapple with a state-legislated solution to the notorious banking issue across the cannabis industry. And now California is going to study its own banking solution that, in all reality, probably isn’t going to go anywhere.

California is predicted to take in $7 billion by 2020 because of adult-use legalization. Its licensed operators have nowhere reliable to put all of that cash, and you can be sure that the California Department of Tax and Fee Administration doesn’t want those operators trucking hundreds of thousands of tax dollars to Sacramento. Additionally, the cash epidemic was complicated by the fact that Attorney General Sessions’s rescission of the 2014 Department of Justice (DOJ) Financial Crimes memo, which allowed financial institutions to bank marijuana businesses in states with “robust regulation”, in concert with the 2014 FinCEN guidelines. Thankfully, those guidelines still exist, but the Department of Treasury is currently looking at them in the wake of Sessions’s decision.

Back to California.

This month, Treasurer John Chiang announced that his office (along with the California State Attorney General’s office) would undertake a two-part feasibility study around forming a state-backed bank to serve California cannabis businesses. In his office’s November 2017 report, Chiang admitted that creating …

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California Adult-Use Cannabis Update: Trends from the First Month

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With the first month of recreational marijuana sales in the books, California will soon find out how it performed in sales and pricing across the state. Stores that opened in January or were previously open saw success, including day one turnout exceeding expectations. Yet, success for some countered the decline in other cities that saw a slow rollout due.

California’s performance in January is far from an indicator of its overall future. That being said, it was an exciting month that shows promise for sales and access. It also revealed issues including the possibility of additional litigation to come.

California Recreational Marijuana by the Numbers

BDS Analytics Vice President Greg Shoenfeld told PotGuide that we’ll have the first month numbers in March. While the data is collected, he did note that stores that opened in January saw significant gains in traffic. Conversely, the state’s numbers could see a decline in first month sales due to the dispensaries and other services currently waiting on licensing. The delay left small towns and cities like Los Angeles virtually out of adult use sales until the 19th.

Bud and Bloom Dispensary Nugs
A nug is inspected at Bud and Bloom dispensary in California. photo credit

“We’ll have to figure out once the data starts pouring in,” explained Shoenfeld, “just how significant, or what’s the counterbalance, of increased …

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Much Ado About RICO and Cannabis, Part 4

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Oregon RICO marijuana
This is not the racketeer you’re looking for.

In this series (Part 1, Part 2, and Part 3) we have been looking at two RICO cases filed in District Court in Oregon against cannabis producers. The first, McCart v. Beddow, appears to have settled pursuant to a confidential settlement agreement. The second, Ainsworth et. al. v. Owenby et. al., is just getting started. The common thread here is that the pro se (self-represented) plaintiff in McCart v. Beddow, is an attorney who is now representing the plaintiffs in Ainsworth.

Due to this common thread, we think we can draw some likely conclusions about the contents of the confidential McCart settlement from the issues raised in the Ainsworth complaintNote that the Ainsworth complaint was filed just about two months after the McCart defendants filed their motions to dismiss. As discussed below, it is clear that the Ainsworth complaint learned some valuable lessons from the motions to dismiss. Let’s engage in a bit of idle speculation:

Dispensaries can breathe a sigh of relief.

The McCart lawsuit named each and every OLCC licensed retailer that purchased the defendant farm’s product. In sharp contrast, the Ainsworth complaint doesn’t name any such “dispensary defendants.” Given that one of the goals of these RICO cases is …

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How to Get a Medical Cannabis Card in Ontario

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Receiving medical cannabis treatment and purchasing your prescription can be a little bit challenging because cannabis is currently illegal in Canada. In order to prove you are legally allowed to use and have cannabis for medical reasons, there are some hoops you have to jump through. The rules are in place to ensure only the people who need it for medical reasons have it. However, this summer, the rules will change again when recreational marijuana is made legal. 


Source: http://www.medicinalmarijuanaassociation.com/medical-marijuana-blog/how-to-get-a-medical-cannabis-card-in-ontario…

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Presenting Colorado Seed exclusively at Alchimia

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Colorado Seed Inc. is a seed bank based in Boulder, Colorado (USA) that since 2008 has been producing regular seeds under license from its library of more than 40 cannabis varieties, as well as producing medical cannabis for various state dispensaries.

However, Timothy and Sam have experience going back decades, since the 70’s when Tim’s passion for cannabis breeding was born. After several decades of work selecting and breeding their best strains, in 2008 he finally decided to market their most valued projects through Colorado Seed Inc. with Sam, founding a seed bank to distribute the highest quality cultivars.

Colorado Seed Int. logo

Colorado Seed International, the European branch of the company

Years later, after having established the company as one of the industry leaders in Colorado, the guys at Colorado Seed Inc. decided to embark on a new adventure: to bring some of their best work to Europe and develop feminised versions of them. A very ambitious project that, after many months of work, we are very happy to finally present.

At Alchimia Grow Shop we are proud to introduce the catalogue of Colorado Seed International, the European branch of the company, exclusively for all our customers. This has been possible thanks to the three-way collaboration between Colorado Seed Inc., R-Kiem Seeds and Old School Genetics, with the latter …

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What if You Break the Rules? Cannabis Administrative Litigation in Oregon

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marijuana oregon cananbis
Follow the rules or risk having to close your doors–permanently.

Recreational cannabis is highly regulated. In Oregon, the Oregon Liquor Control Commission (OLCC) is the agency tasked with implementing and enforcing the recreational cannabis rules. The rules are complex and frequently change (see posts on that here, here, here, and here) meaning compliance can be difficult even with the best of intentions. For that reason, marijuana businesses should set up a comprehensive compliance plan to avoid violating OLCC rules. But what happens when a rule is violated?

When the OLCC determines a cannabis business or its employee has violated a rule, it issues what is known as a “charging document.” The charging document will list what rule has been violated and the penalty the OLCC plans to assess. The rules identify six categories of violations. The categories identify different levels of egregiousness and the OLCC, while not required to assess a penalty, has adopted guidelines for the kinds of penalties cannabis businesses can expect:

Category I: These are considered the most egregious violation and can result in license revocation. These violations include things like failure to verify the age of a minor, intentional false statements made to the OLCC, or intentional destruction or concealment of evidence

Category II: These are violations that create a …

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Planning a 4/20 Trip to Colorado? Here’s What You Need to Know

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Welcome to the wide world of cannabis events, a growing sector of the industry that is full of excitement, adventure and knowledge-seeking. As you may already know, cannabis events provide a firsthand look into the burgeoning marijuana industry and offer insight and networking opportunities from key influencers. And on 4/20, one of the biggest cannabis celebrations of the year, there are countless events to addend and experience.

Perhaps the most frequented city for cannabis events and happenings is Denver, Colorado – especially when 4/20 comes around. There are numerous marijuana-related events going down in the Mile High on any given day, making it an ideal destination for anyone looking to get more involved in the industry.

4/20 events and activities in Colorado are still being defined for 2018, be sure to check out PotGuide’s dedicated 4/20 page for updates as they are announced.

If you haven’t been to a 4/20 cannabis event in Colorado before or simply want to maximize your involvement, follow along as we guide you through some of the top things to do to get the most out of your experience.

Get Outdoors and Explore

Whether you’re visiting from out of town or are a resident of Colorado, getting outdoors before a cannabis event can really help bolster your attentiveness and focus once the event commences. …

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Oregon Cannabis Laws: The 2018 Draft Bills Are Here

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oregon marijuana cannabis
Just the facts on pending Oregon cannabis laws.

The Oregon legislative session began on Monday. Because 2018 is an even-numbered calendar year, this session is a short session, lasting just 35 days. That fact hasn’t stopped Oregon democrats from targeting ambitious policy objectives like cap-and-trade, along with a host of other items that will likely not get done. As to cannabis, there won’t be much movement, despite persistent rumors and calls for a limitation on license issuances, and the calls for an uptick in enforcement dollars.

Last year, Oregon kicked off the legislative session with 30 or so draft cannabis bills. This year, we have four. Two of them are likely to go nowhere and two may pass if things go well, but with significant modifications. The aptly named Joint Committee on Marijuana Regulation dissolved last session, which means that cannabis will get even less attention than before. Still, its former co-chair and Senate Majority Leader Ginny Burdick presides over the rules committee, and for that reason alone, we expect these bills get some play.

Below is the 2018 list, including links to each bill. As a reminder, text in bold typeface is proposed new language, and text in [italicized and bracketed] typeface is language that would be removed from existing statutes.

Senate Bill 1544

This bill …

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Santa Cruz County: Update for Non-Retail Commercial Cannabis Businesses

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Last week, Santa Cruz County hosted two public meetings to discuss the County’s path toward regulating commercial cannabis cultivation, manufacturing and distribution within the County. The County presented a good deal of information for those interested in pursuing these non-retail commercial cannabis licenses that we’ll outline in this post.

One of the most significant proposals is a recommendation that project-level environmental review be required in lieu of Board certification of the current draft Environmental Impact Review, which provided exhaustive analysis of the existing and proposed commercial cannabis industry in Santa Cruz County. This means that each future non-retail commercial cannabis license would be considered a separate project, and would be subject to discretionary land use permit review and associated environmental review based on site-specific conditions.

The County also presented a proposed final Santa Cruz County Code (SCCC) 7.128, as well as amendments to SCCC 13.10 which will serve to regulate all non-retail cannabis cultivation, manufacturing and distribution in Santa Cruz County. SCCC 7.128 will establish operational requirements for cannabis businesses as well as a cannabis licensing program. And the amendments to SCCC 13.10 will establish zoning restrictions and land use permitting requirements for cannabis businesses.

The Planning Commission will meet again on February 28th to review proposed mitigation, monitoring and reporting measures in the form of a Best Management …

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Do You Actually Own Your Cannabis Business?

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marijuana cannabis business
Want to show you own that canna business? Write it down.

Of all the core legal concepts that first-year law students study, property law is the most esoteric. The concept of property boils down to relative rights. Do I have more or less of a right than you do to possess, manipulate, lease, or sell this thing that I am claiming ownership of? Things get harder when we deal with intangible property. While simple possession of real property or equipment doesn’t prove ownership, it at least provides some indication of ownership. But regarding intellectual property like trademarks and copyrights, or other intangible property like interest in a partnership or a limited liability company, there often isn’t anything to possess. This has led to major problems for inexperienced cannabis business owners.

Regarding ownership interests in corporations and LLCs, it is important to make some distinctions. I’ll use Washington as an example, but most states adhere basically to the same principles. The Secretary of State’s office is in charge of forming business entities, and it maintains a database of governing persons. If I look up a company on that website, it is going to list the names of one or more people that are reported to the state as governing persons of that company. However, that listing is not proof of or …

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Is Medical Cannabis Treatment Right for You? Who to Ask

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Medical cannabis is considered an alternative form of medical treatment, but it’s a legitimate and effective medical option and it could be the right treatment for you. Many people have symptoms that could be better managed with medical marijuana; the problem is most people don’t know where to go or who to ask about this treatment option when they have questions. 


Source: http://www.medicinalmarijuanaassociation.com/medical-marijuana-blog/is-medical-cannabis-treatment-right-for-you-who-to-ask…

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Getting Baked With Pot Brownies

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We are all familiar with the cliché of pot brownies. Even to this day, everything I bake and then offer to friends and family is questioned with, “Are these special?” I understand their wariness but I am also a bit offended that they think I would offer them a psychoactive baked treat without telling them! […]

The post Getting Baked With Pot Brownies appeared first on LIWTS.

Source: https://www.liwts.org/edibles/pot-brownie-recipe/…

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How cannabis can help during your period

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A large proportion of women have several symptoms before and during their period, no matter their age, physical condition or medical record. Furthermore, the days before the start of menstruation are sometimes the hardest for most of them, with a group of symptoms commonly called PMS or premenstrual syndrome. For centuries, medical marijuana has been used across the world for its therapeutic potential, and menstrual cramps are not an exception. In this article we’ll focus on how cannabis can help relieve these symptoms, and we’ll tell you everything you need to know if you decide to use marijuana to treat them.

Cannabis may be useful to treat menstrual cramps

Cannabis may be useful to treat menstrual cramps

What is premenstrual syndrome or PMS?

PMS or premenstrual syndrome is a group of symptoms which appear a few days before the start of menstruation, also known as luteal phase. These are some of the most commonly found symptoms during this phase, also during menstruation:

  • Breast pain
  • Bloating
  • Cramps
  • Headaches
  • Mood
  • Tiredness and fatigue

As anyone can imagine, it is hard to have a normal daily life with these symptoms, so treating them has been one of the main goals of medicine since its very beginning. We have studies that confirm that 84% of women suffer from some of these symptoms during each and every period. And, as …

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California Cannabis Countdown: City of Redding

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California has 58 counties and 482 incorporated cities across the state, each with the option to create its own rules or ban marijuana altogether. In this California Cannabis Countdown series, we cover who is banning cannabis, who is embracing cannabis (and how), and everyone in between. For each city and county, we’ll discuss its location, history with cannabis, current law, and proposed law to give you a clearer picture of where to locate your California cannabis business, how to keep it legal, and what you will and won’t be allowed to do.

Our last California Cannabis Countdown post was on the City of San Rafael, and before that City of Hayward, Alameda County, OaklandSan FranciscoSonoma County, the City of Davis, the City of Santa RosaCounty and City of San BernardinoMarin CountyNevada County, the City of Lynwood, the City of CoachellaLos Angeles County, the City of Los Angeles, the City of Desert Hot SpringsSonoma County, the City of Sacramento, the City of BerkeleyCalaveras CountyMonterey County and the City of Emeryville.

redding cannabis california
Will the sun rise on cannabis in Redding?

Today’s post is on the City of Redding.

Welcome to the California Cannabis …

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PotGuide Partners with Baker to Boost Dispensary Client Experience

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To keep up with the demands of consumers in this ever-changing cannabis industry, we know that real-time, online dispensary menus are critical. Consumers want to see what their options are before visiting a store, and rightfully so. Because of this, dispensaries who maintain accurate, up to date menus are seeing an influx in customers and increased sales for their marketing efforts.

To help make the process of maintaining online menus easier than ever before, PotGuide is pleased to announce our partnership with Baker, the leading CRM, eCommerce and customer engagement platform for marijuana dispensaries.

Together, we’ll be able to bring hundreds of real-time menus to consumers while making upkeep and maintenance a breeze for dispensaries.

PotGuide and Baker Partnership is Great News for Dispensaries

Servicing more than 800 dispensaries across 19 states and Canada, Baker is an industry-leader in many categories, including their easy-to-use CRM platform and brand new integrations program and ancillary service integrations. Baker’s API allows us to easily connect to a dispensary’s point of sale system and provide the most accurate and up to date information to consumers.

Even better? PotGuide’s integration with Baker takes the work out of uploading an online menu for dispensary owners and staff, saving both time and energy. Menus are updated regularly in real time, allowing dispensary staff to …

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Washington Attorney General Prepares to Fight Trump on Cannabis

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washington marijuana cannabis
Big ups to Bob.

Washington State Attorney General, Bob Ferguson, appears ready to defend his state’s marijuana program against Jeff Sessions and Donald Trump. Last week, Ferguson spoke to the Columbian’s editorial board about upcoming challenges for the Evergreen State. Naturally, the topic of marijuana came up.

Ferguson stated that his office was prepared for a legal fight over marijuana legalization in Washington, although he said, “we hope it doesn’t come to that.” Due to recent actions by US Attorney General Sessions, however, it seems likely that it “could come to that.” If it does, Ferguson told the Columbian that he would not hesitate to act:

Hypothetically speaking, right, there could be a business that’s licensed in Washington state selling marijuana that’s following state law. Let’s assume they’re following state law to a T—that’s important—and the feds go in and try to shut that business down, they seize the marijuana or the proceeds. If in my view, we’ve got a legitimate business, playing by our rules here in Washington state and the federal government comes in to try to shut that down, we’d be interested in that.

Ferguson also said that he would be willing to get involved if the federal government takes any “adverse action” against a marijuana businesses compliant with state law.

Earlier in January, Sessions rescinded Obama …

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The Ultimate

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You’ve got a lot to live up to with a name like The Ultimate, but when you’re the creation of the legends at Dutch Passion, it’s pretty much what we’re used to seeing as standard. The Ultimate is an extremely well balanced Sativa/Indica hybrid, though they’ve done a good job keeping quiet where exactly it […]

The post The Ultimate appeared first on LIWTS.

Source: https://www.liwts.org/strain-reviews/the-ultimate/…

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What You Need to Know Now to Get Your California Cannabis License: The Video

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In case you missed our webinar on getting a license in compliance with California’s Medicinal and Adult-Use Regulation and Safety Act (“MAUCRSA”), the video replay is below.

Check back next week for the recording of our cannabis litigation webinar, the final webinar in our lunch-time webinar series.

And for a re-run of our recent webinar on webinar on the “Rights, Opportunities, and Responsibilities of Municipalities Regulating Cannabis”, go here.

Enjoy!

Source: https://www.cannalawblog.com/what-you-need-to-know-now-to-get-your-california-cannabis-license-the-video/…

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Why You Should Never Transport Cannabis Across State Lines

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The sweeping process of marijuana legalization has made the rules regarding traveling with cannabis a bit hazy. On the one hand, weed is now legal in more than half the US states which means you can pick it up from a dispensary and bring it home in your car – legally (albeit with a few restrictions). But what about traveling across state lines with legally-purchased cannabis?

The fact is, even if you’re traveling from one legal state to another bordering legal state (like from Washington to Oregon or California to Nevada, for example), it’s still federally illegal to bring your stash with you, and may even be considered federal drug trafficking.

So before you stash your sack in the trunk to bring some legal cannabis home with you, consider the implications your actions might have.

Crossing State Lines is a Federal Offense

Technically speaking, you could get in major trouble for taking weed across state lines because those borders are federal jurisdiction. Does this mean you’ll get nabbed by the DEA as soon as your wheels cross state lines? Probably not – the feds don’t have the time or energy to invest in petty cannabis transportation – but that doesn’t mean it won’t happen, or that you wouldn’t be in hot water if it does.

Attorney General Jeff Sessions

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What’s On Your Label, Part 1: California Cannabis Packaging and Labeling for Transition Products

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marijuana cannabis labeling california
There’s a lot going on with packaging and labeling requirements for California transition products.

California is just starting to get its cannabis packaging and labeling regulations right under MAUCRSA. California has a mandated transition period from January 1 to July 1, 2018, during which time adult use and medical marijuana licensees can do business with each other and temporary and annual state licensees can transport and sell cannabis products already in their possession in the newly regulated market. This means there are two packaging and labeling standards during this transition period: one for products that licensees bring into the marketplace from before January 1, 2018 and another for products cultivated or made on or after January 1, 2018.

For transition period products only, the following packaging and labeling rules apply:

Retailers and Distributors: 

If at the time it is licensed by the state (i.e., receiving the temporary or annual license), a retailer already has cannabis goods not in child-resistant packaging, those products can still be sold by the retailer if the retailer places them “into child-resistant packaging . . . at the time of sale.” Cannabis goods that do not meet the full-blown packaging and labeling requirements for new products can still be transported and sold if “a sticker with the applicable warning statement under Business and Professions Code

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Understanding the Science of Medically Prescribed Cannabis

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In 2001, Canada legalized medically prescribed cannabis. The Canadian Medical Marijuana Access Regulations (MMAR) allowed Canadians who suffered from cancer, HIV/AIDS, arthritis, epilepsy, and multiple sclerosis to use the drug to treat symptoms such as pain, seizures, nausea, and muscle spasms. Since then, two other regulations have been created to enable citizens to use medical cannabis. 


Source: http://www.medicinalmarijuanaassociation.com/medical-marijuana-blog/understanding-the-science-of-medically-prescribed-cannabis…

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Super Bowl LII: Will We See Cannabis Commercials?

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Expect lots of beer ads, but no cannabis ads.

Today, more than 100 million people will tune in to watch the Philadelphia Eagles and New England Patriots square off in Super Bowl LII. While the game is the main event, television networks will cash in handsomely on the revenue from selling advertising space. NBC is projected to earn approximately $500 million in revenue during this year’s Super Bowl. The network has nearly sold out all commercial space at a cost of $5 million per 30-second advertising spot.

We will likely see fast food chains and snack food companies advertising their “munchies”, and there are certain to be many ads for alcohol companies, but will we see cannabis businesses advertising brands and products? Unfortunately, not this year. The NFL has a strict policy that governs what type of commercial can be aired during an NFL broadcast. The 2017-2018 season marked the first year that the NFL lifted the ban on distilled spirits advertising, but cannabis and products related to its production or ingestion are still prohibited.

Beyond the NFL policy, there is still a larger grey area regarding advertising for cannabis. Under the Controlled Substances Act, violations of transmitting advertisements for Schedule I drugs is a felony offense. The Federal Communications Commission (FCC) could therefore pull, or not renew, the license …

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Negra 44 by R-Kiem Seeds, an Indica with African origins

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In this article we’ll tell you more about one of the feminised strains in R-Kiem Seeds catalogue, Negra 44. As you may know, this Spanish cannabis seed company is known for the high quality of their strains, with a relatively short but solid catalogue, thanks to which they’ve been awarded in many occasions in different major cannabis events.

Furthermore, the guys at R-Kiem are also famous for the high quality of the resin extracts and concentrates produced by their varieties, something increasingly important nowadays. Let’s take a look now at the main characteristics of Negra 44, a versatile, mostly Indica hybrid with early flowering and excellent smell and taste.

Negra 44 produces excellent and tasty hash

Negra 44 produces excellent and tasty hash

Genetics of Negra 44

The breeding behind Negra 44  is absolutely amazing. The female parent use to develop it is a pure landrace from the Sawla district, in Ghana. This area is located northwest of this beautiful cuntry, right between the Mole National Park and the Ivory Coast border. Thanks to a friend who used to travel there to work in solidarity projects, Angel (founder of the company) could get his hands on some seeds from the Sawla area, from which he found an excellent plant with intense citric and floral scent.

On the other hand, the male parent used was …

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California Sees First Major Legal Challenge to Cannabis Cultivation Regulations

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california cannabis marijuana
State v. small growers: Who ya got?

The California Growers Association, which advocates for small and independent cannabis cultivators, recently sued the California Department of Food and Agriculture, the state agency charged with crafting and implementing cannabis cultivation regulations. The lawsuit stems from one of the biggest controversies in the state’s 2017 emergency regulations: a loophole in the licensing scheme that would effectively allow cultivators to set up mega farms by “stacking” unlimited small grow licenses. We discussed this precise issue at length at the end of 2017, and the matter is now the subject of legal challenge.

The gist of the lawsuit is that the CDFA’s failure to include a cap on small (5,001-10,000 square feet of canopy) cultivation licenses is inconsistent with MAUCRSA, the statute authorizing the CDFA to promulgate cultivation regulations. MAUCRSA generally prohibits large cultivation licenses (over 22,000 sq. ft. of indoor canopy or over 1 acre of outdoor canopy) until 2023, and limits medium cultivation licenses (10,001-22,000 sq. ft. of indoor canopy or up to 1 acre of outdoor canopy) to one per person for five years. The CDFA regulations contain no such cap on small cultivation licenses. Because the lack of a cap would essentially allow growers to do what they would otherwise be prohibited by statute from doing until 2023—i.e. cultivating …

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Did You Just Hire a Cannabis Employee or an Independent Contractor?

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employee marijuana cannabis
Employee or contractor? Make sure you get this question right.

We receive a lot of questions regarding employment relationships versus independent contractor relationships in the marijuana industry. Independent contractors are an excellent way for cannabis businesses to bring on individuals or companies with specialized skills to perform services or provide goods. The trick is making sure the person or company you hire will actually be viewed as an independent contractor by relevant state agencies, the IRS, and the new hire themselves. If not, you could be headed for trouble.

When done correctly, independent contractor relationships provide important benefits to both parties. Generally, employers are not responsible for independent contractors. This means that the employer does not have to worry about payroll taxes, wage and hour laws, and a myriad of other employment laws. Whether an employment agreement or an independent contractor agreement is created becomes significant when compliance with the law is in question. Not properly entering into an independent contractor agreement can cost employers a lot of money defending the relationship, and ultimately, in monetary civil penalties if there has been a violation of laws. An independent contractor relationship should not be created on the fly, and instead should be reduced to written contract drafted by a specialist.

The distinction between independent contractors and employees is not always clear …

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Navigating Florida’s Fledgling Medical Marijuana Industry

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As progressive cannabis reform spreads across the United States, more and more people are experiencing the copious benefits marijuana has to offer. From individual well-being to socioeconomic conditions, the cannabis plant is improving the lives of thousands of Americans on a daily basis.

We are in the midst of a cannabis renaissance so to speak, where cannabis industries are growing and flourishing in their respective states. In Florida, however, a different outcome may unfold if the proper measures are not taken into consideration moving forward.

In November 2016, Florida legalized medical marijuana, becoming the first southern state to adopt cannabis reform laws. But how are their cannabis laws progressing? Let’s take a closer look.

Overview of Florida’s Cannabis Industry

From the time when Florida’s medical cannabis laws went into effect in January 2017, the state has seen a massive influx of patients who are interested in becoming part of the medical marijuana registry. Over the past year, there has also been a sharp increase in the amount of doctors authorized to prescribe medical cannabis.

In November 2016, there were nearly 300 doctors, a number that now stands at more than 1,200.

One of the biggest pros of Florida’s legalization of medical marijuana, aside from safe and legal access to cannabis for patients, is the promising future …

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California Cannabis Legalization: CEQA and the Limitations of Local Zoning Authority

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california cannabis
Pro environment? Or just anti-cannabis?

As we’ve discussed time and time again, California’s voter-passed cannabis legalization initiative, as well as all subsequent statutory and regulatory additions to that law, maintains local governments as the ultimate arbiters of whether and how commercial cannabis operations can take place within any given county or municipality in the state. The most prominent exercise of that authority exists through local permits and licenses (which are now a prerequisite for any state license), and land use laws, such as zoning ordinances. The starting point for any property owner considering a cannabis use on the property is the applicable zoning law and the local ordinance on cannabis, if any. Recently, property values in appropriately zoned places have appreciated accordingly.

But as the new laws are implemented, we are seeing the limits of local authority when it comes to zoning for cannabis operations. In one recent example, a group advocating for a moratorium on marijuana in San Mateo sued the County of San Mateo for opting to issue a “negative declaration” stating that its new cannabis ordinance would not have any significant impact on the environment, rather than engaging in the more rigorous option of preparing a full environmental impact report to study the effects of the proposed activity. The ordinance generally prohibits all cannabis activity …

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Get Answers to All Your Questions about Medical Marijuana

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When you start to consider whether medical marijuana could be the right treatment option for you, you no doubt start thinking of questions. However, there’s a lot of false information out there about medical cannabis, and it can be hard to find reliable answers. 


Source: http://www.medicinalmarijuanaassociation.com/medical-marijuana-blog/get-answers-to-all-your-questions-about-medical-marijuana…

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The Cannabis Curing Process

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It’s the same question asked by thousands of newcomers to cannabis cultivation. That being, why is it that experienced growers ‘cure’ their harvested cannabis buds? The short answer – curing is necessary to ensure that the cannabis flowers achieve their peak in terms of both quality and potency. Even if you produce the most outstanding […]

The post The Cannabis Curing Process appeared first on LIWTS.

Source: https://www.liwts.org/grow/cannabis-curing-process/…

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Introduction to Mosca Seeds

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Mosca seeds is a cannabis seed bank originating from the USA that only works with regular genetics, using males and females in the “Old School” way, and demonstrating to the world that there’ll always be a place for regular seeds.

These regular seeds are meticulously worked over time to ensure stability in all crosses, maintaining the best characteristics of their ancestors while improving quality with every generation.

Mosca Seeds logo

Mosca Seeds logo

Mosca Seeds genetic library

In the hybrids produced by the breeders at Mosca Seeds we will find not only current strains – such as the world famous Gorilla Glue, crossed with other high quality strains across the genetic spectrum – but also legendary strains that have stood the test of time and continue to shine in the international cannabis market, such as Old Time Moonshine, a cultivar that in its day gave so much joy to the growers who were able to cultivate and smoke it.

Indiana Bubblegum

Another pillar of Mosca’s genetic library is the highly regarded Original Indiana Bubblegum, one of the most reputed clones in the USA and one that has been around for decades in both the American and European cannabis markets

This strain stands out for being an easy cannabis plant to grow, being very fast to flower and …

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California Cannabis Countdown: The City of San Diego

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san diego marijuana
San Diego is open for cannabis businesses.

In 2017, the City of San Diego adopted three ordinances that legalized adult-use and medical commercial cannabis businesses. The City allows for a total of 40 Marijuana Production Facilities (“MPFs”) and 36 Marijuana Outlets (“MOs”). MPFs include those “engaged in the agricultural raising, harvesting, and processing of marijuana; wholesale distribution and storage of marijuana and marijuana products; and production of goods from marijuana and marijuana products” (i.e. cultivation, distribution, and manufacturing facilities). MOs include retail establishments where marijuana or marijuana products are sold to the public. Since the City website was last updated, there have been approximately 22 MO applications and 63 MPF applications submitted. The City is still accepting applications for Conditional Use Permits for both MOs and MPFs.

Applicants must go through a three-step approval process in order to receive a Conditional Use Permit (“CUP”):

  • Initial Screening: This phase requires submission of the general application and other supporting documents like site plans and proof of ownership of the business. Specifically, the following documents must be submitted during this phase:
  1. General Application: The general application requires the applicant to share real property information and contact information with the City. The application further asks the applicant to disclose the contractor name and information for building out the premises. The general application requires

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